Instead of a serene and bucolic scene Mei emphasized the impending suffering and the divine mission of Jesus. The chapel was named after Bishop Giovanni Montemirabile (†1479) and it was transformed into the baptistery of the basilica in 1561. Non lontano dalla chiesa di Santa Maria del Popolo e ad un passo da San Luigi dei Francesi, si trova un’altra immensa tela del Caravaggio. The Cybo Chapel was radically rebuilt by Cardinal Alderano Cybo (1613–1700) between 1682 and 1687 according to the plans of Carlo Fontana. The tomb of Cardinal Cristoforo della Rovere (died in 1478), a work by Andrea Bregno and Mino da Fiesole, was erected by his brother. Clicca qui di seguito per leggerne la storia Caravaggio: la Madonna dei Pellegrini, Se invece voleste incamminarvi per un tour delle opere di Caravaggio a Roma, leggete: Caravaggio a Roma: un percorso ragionato. The first two pairs on the left and the right are medieval monastic founders and reformers, the rest are all early Christian saints and martyrs. The chapel is one of the best preserved monuments of quattrocento art in Rome. The coat of arms is supported by two angels portrayed as naked ephebes in an impeccably Classical fashion. Bazylika Santa Maria del Popolo jest jednym z kościołów tytularnych nadawanych kardynałom-prezbiterom (Titulus Sanctae Mariae de Populo)[3]. Curiously Morandi chose not depict the moment of the meeting between Mary and Elizabeth which is the traditional way to visualize the Visitation. The original maiolica floor tiles from Deruta also survived. Katarzyny, w krzyżownicy – ołtarz Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Maryi Panny według projektu Berniniego, kaplica św. 1 (Mar., 1980), pp. The painting shows Elizabeth inviting her younger cousin into their home. The flourishing oak tree also represented spiritual regeneration and the restoration of the church by the pope as part of his Christian renovatio Romae. These stone carvings are gilt and painted. Andrzeja w kościele Sant'Andrea del Vignola, którą dołączył do zakonu augustianów na Piazza del Popolo, aby mnisi dbali o parafię. Infatti, Caravaggio realizza una prima versione delle due opere entro il 1601 ma il Cerasi è già venuto a mancare nel maggio di quell’anno. The child has put his right foot on a skull teeming with snakes, and with his left foot he is crushing one of them: the symbol of his triumph over evil and heresy. C’è anche chi l’ha definita (scherzosamente) la conversione del cavallo. 73–74. The new main altar of the basilica and the redecoration of the arch at the behest of the Genoese cardinal was finished in 1627. Paolo è a terra. The marble statues of the angels supporting the frame of the altar are attributed to Giovanni Antonio Mari (left) and Antonio Raggi (right). Infatti, intorno al 1542, Paolo III Farnese aveva commissionato a Michelangelo due affreschi esattamente sugli stessi temi per la sua cappella paolina. The architectural composition is traditional and somewhat conservative for the beginning of the 16th century, it follows the models set by Andrea Bregno. Il collo e la manica della camicia del personaggio a cui appartengono (le mani) sono anch’esse grandi pennellate. Wilhelm Vogt, Literarischer Verein, Stuttgart, 1876, p. 53, The Pilgrimage of Arnold Von Harff (ed. Neither of the two drawings can be attributed to Bernini himself but the iconography is closely integrated to his design for the reconstruction of the basilica. Il Signore gli disse: Alzati, entra nella città e ti sarà detto ciò che devi fare”. The oldest stained glass window in Rome can be found here, made by French artist Guillaume de Marcillat. This zone is emphasized by a strongly projecting stone cornice with acanthus modillions and varied rosettes. Katarzyny, ołtarz w krzyżownicy z obrazem św. Rodziny, kaplica Pana Jezusa Ukrzyżowanego, kaplica Millini, kaplica Chigi. Tra le zampe del cavallo, le gambe dalle vene turgide ed i piedi nudi dello scudiero. The semi-columns have Corintianesque capitals with a palmette ornament between the scrolls. It was designed by Paolo Posi, a Baroque architect who was famous for his ephemeral architecture built for celebrations, and executed by Agostino Penna. From 1657 to 1658 four sculptors got payments for work on the statues: Antonio Raggi, Ercole Ferrata, Giovanni Antonio Mari and Arrigo Giardè. The prominent humanist and papal diplomat was buried on 7 October 1504 with great pomp; the location of the tomb in the right transept was originally close to the funerary chapel of the Borgia family, Podocataro's patrons, but the chapel is no longer extant. The altarpiece on right side altar was painted in 1659 by Giovanni Maria Morandi, the favourite portraitist of the Chigi family. The monument shows the influence of Bernini's tomb for Maria Raggi in Santa Maria sopra Minerva. Even the colours of the robes of the two women are almost the same. His tomb was later relocated to the sacristy. The tomb is located by the pillar between the Chigi and Montemirabile Chapels. 1250 habitantibus', Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, 18 (1925), Francis Roth: Il Cardinale Riccardo degli Annibaldi, primo protettore dell'ordine agostiniano, in: Augustiniana vol. The Altar of the Visitation belonged to Agostino Chigi, the Prince of Farnese. [37] The tomb was eventually relocated to the sacristy corridor while the painting was sold by the Augustinians in 1787. The church was a favourite burial place for the Roman aristocracy, clergy and literati, especially after Bernini's intervention. Potrebbe essersi trattato di un rifiuto opposto alle due prime opere dall’Ospedale di Santa Maria. The most valuable works of art in the chapel are the aediculae of the baptismal font and the font of the holy oil. ): Studien zur Wissenschafts- und zur Religionsgeschichte, De Gruyter, Berlin/New York 2011, Heinz Schilling: Martin Luther: Rebel in an Age of Upheaval, transl. 1, pp. Rona Johnston, Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 81, Volker Reinhardt: Der unheimliche Papst: Alexander VI. The funeral monument of Princess Maria Flaminia Odescalchi Chigi is sometimes dubbed the "last Baroque tomb in Rome". There is a painted canopy supported by angels on the wall. Poi c’è il particolare di strada dei piedi neri del personaggio appena citato. The bronze and marble funeral monument of Pietro Foscari from 1480 is preserved here. Besides the tombs in the side chapels the most notable monuments are: The first monument as you enter the basilica is the wall tomb of Maria Eleonora I Boncompagni, the sovereign Princess of Piombino right by the door on the counterfaçade. These are the symbols of death and resurrection. Comunque, il cavallo di Caravaggio non sarà forse un purosangue ma resta di certo un grande pezzo di pittura. 416–417, Ilaria Miarelli Mariani: La pittura, in Santa Maria del Popolo. MDCLV. The statues were probably designed by Bernini himself, and a supposedly autograph drawing for the figure of Saint Ursula survived in the collection of the Museum der bildenden Künste in Leipzig, but his plans were executed by the sculptors of his workshop between August and December 1655. Their different styles could be felt within the unified scheme. (1655–1659), in: Römisches Jahrbuch der Bibliotheca Hertziana 1996, pp. Caravaggio e i San Matteo di San Luigi dei Francesi, Andrea del Verrocchio e il Putto col Delfino, Cappella Contarelli a San Luigi dei Francesi, Caravaggio e la Madonna dei Pellegrini a Sant'Agostino - ArtePiù, Caravaggio a Roma: un percorso ragionato - Artepiù, Il busto di Benedetto XIII a Santa Maria Maggiore, Santa Maria Maggiore: i mosaici dell’abside, Santa Maria Maggiore: le storie dell’Arco Trionfale, Santa Maria Maggiore: i mosaici della navata, Il mosaico dell’Ordine Trinitario sul colle Celio. Tę stronę ostatnio edytowano 15 lut 2020, 23:25. The first sketches for the four marble angels supporting the altars were drawn by the young Giovanni Battista Gaulli, and the sheets are still preserved in the collection of the Berlin State Museums. Egli domandò: Chi sei, Signore? The chapel in the left transept was called Cappella della Santissima Pietà detta Salerna before the Berninian restructuring. [32] Another lost Baroque feature was created by Giovanni Maria Mariani whose name was mentioned regularly in the payments between 1657 and 1658. The Basso Della Rovere Chapel was furnished by Girolamo Basso della Rovere in the 1480s. For the left cantoria a modern organ was made by Carlo Vegezzi Bossi which was inaugurated on 23 May 1906. It was probably commissioned by the cardinal between 1497, when he made a donation to the Augustinian church and 1504, his death. Anzi, esistono ottime possibilità che in realtà andasse a piedi, come si può intuire dai testi sacri che narrano l’episodio: “E durante il viaggio, mentre si avvicinava a Damasco, avvenne che, d’improvviso, sfolgorò intorno a lui una luce dal cielo e, caduto in terra, udì una voce che gli diceva: Saulo, Saulo, perché mi perseguiti? The Della Rovere papal escutcheons were also placed on the cornice of the intrados in the first and the last arches of the nave. He got 200 scudi for the commission on 11 August 1659. The dome and the crossing is lit by eight large semicircular windows. The original 15th-century architecture was largely preserved by Bernini who only added a strong stone cornice and embellished the arches with pairs of white stucco statues portraying female saints. The tree had a particular significance in the context of Santa Maria del Popolo where the memory of Emperor Nero's evil walnut tree was still vivid. The Chapel of the Crucifixion or the Cybo-Soderini Chapel was remodelled in the Baroque era when a Flemish artist, Pieter van Lint executed its cycle of frescos on the vault and the lunettes which depict Angels with the Symbols of the Passion and Prophets. Lion da sempre, è stato presidente fondatore del Lions Club Roma Quirinale. The monument was financed by Cardinal Ascanio Sforza after the death of his protégée on 7 August 1497, not long after Lonati had led an unsuccessful expedition against the Orsini family by order of the Pope. There is a 15th-century wooden crucifix above the main altar in a Corinthian aedicule. W 1587 roku kościół został podniesiony do godności kościoła tytularnego „Sanctae Mariae de Populo”. The organ in the right transept was originally built in 1499–1500 by Stefano Pavoni, magister organorum from Salerno; its case was decorated with the coat of arms of Pope Alexander VI who probably contributed to the expenses. Oppure, come sostiene anche Antonio Paolucci, una mossa a sorpresa di Caravaggio che, temendo ritardi nei pagamenti da parte dell’Ospedale, preferì vendere rapidamente le opere al cardinale Giacomo Sannesio. Sono diversi gli aspetti innovativi di quest’opera. Ambrogio Landucci:Origine del tempio dedicato in Roma alla Vergine Madre di Dio Maria, presso alla Porta Flaminia, detto hoggi del popolo, Roma, Franceso Moneta, 1646, pp. Two big frescos on the side walls show scenes from The Legend of the True Cross. The frescoes of the dome were painted on the underside of an inner brick shell. A drawing of this design has been preserved in the Vatican Library. 2-3 (1952-53), The inscription was already recorded by Fioravante Martinelli: Roma ricercata, 1658, p. 302, Claudia Bolgia: Icons 'in the Air': New Settings for the Sacred in Medieval Rome, in: Architecture and Pilgrimage, 1000-1500. Instead of a humble house in Judea, the home of Zechariah and Elizabeth is a monumental edifice with circular steps leading to the entrance door. According to tradition this tree gave shelter and nourishment to the Holy Family on their journey. L’opera ha suscitato nel tempo numerosi commenti relativi al ruolo del cavallo. The plinths are decorated with the arms of the Chigi family (the princely version on the right-hand altar and the ecclesiastical version with the cardinal hat on the other) while the frontals are particularly rich pietre dure stoneworks. Kathleen Cohen: Metamorphosis of a Death Symbol: Della Rovere Chapel (Santa Maria del Popolo), Basso Della Rovere Chapel (Santa Maria del Popolo), Montemirabile Chapel (Santa Maria del Popolo), Cybo-Soderini Chapel (Santa Maria del Popolo), Feoli and Cicada Chapels (Santa Maria del Popolo), Monuments in the Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo, Francisco Javier de Cienfuegos y Jovellanos, http://www.vicariatusurbis.org/?page_id=188&ID=8, http://romeartlover.tripod.com/Popolo.html, SM del Popolo: A Multimedia Presentation of the church and its setting, Santa Maria del Popolo Video Introduction, Roman Catholic ecclesiastical province of Rome, Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum, Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Santa_Maria_del_Popolo&oldid=976928342, 11th-century Roman Catholic church buildings, Articles containing Italian-language text, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz place identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Parish Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo, This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 22:40. and trans. Basilica Santa Maria del Popolo, łac. One of most important Mannerist funeral monuments in the basilica is the tomb of Cardinal Gian Girolamo Albani, an influential politician, jurist, scholar and diplomat in the papal court in the last decades of the 16th century. Certamente il taglio della scena con la croce non rappresentata per intero ma tagliata alle estremità per indurre la sensazione che la scena continui al di fuori. Gli occhi sono chiusi, abbagliati dalla luce, l’elmo con la piuma bianca a terra accanto alla testa, la spada a fianco a sinistra. [38], The stucco sculptures under the cantorie were modelled by Antonio Raggi under the supervision of Bernini in 1655-57. 34–35, Platner & Ashby: “Sepulcrum Domitiorum”, in Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London, 1929, p. 479, Kai-Michael Sprenger: The Tiara in the Tiber. The plaque is set in a white marble frame with a conch in the lower part and a gable at the top with a shell, two flaming torches and another winged skull. Santa Maria del Popolo a Roma conserva, nella Cappella Cerasi, due tele del Caravaggio: la Crocifissione di San Pietro e la Conversione di San Paolo. Dunque, il cavallo potrebbe essere un espediente artistico-morale per evidenziare il passaggio di Paolo da una condizione di potere e preminenza ad una di ben più umile sottomissione. Ritrovamenti e restauri, Bollettino d'Arte, 1912 - X, p. 383, Jennifer Montagu: Bernini Sculptures Not by Bernini, in: Irving Lavin (ed. Ma non perdete i piedi di San Pietro e le mani (perfette) che stringono la croce subito sotto di essi. During the Berninian reconstruction of the basilica this instrument was rebuilt by organ master Giuseppe Testa who also created a new organ for the left transept. The nave and the aisles have four bays, and they are covered with cross-vaults. The Della Rovere (or Nativity) Chapel is the first side chapel on the right aisle. He died in 1591. The chalice on the Holy Family painting alludes to priesthood, the vocation of the cardinal, while the theme of the Visitation is strongly connected to fertility, something that was expected of the prince who married Maria Virginia Borghese in 1658, the date on the inscriptions, and founded the Roman branch of the Chigi dynasty.[35]. These organ lofts are display cases of the Chigi-Della Rovere dynastic symbols: the central newel post of the balustrade is decorated with the carving of an oak tree, the ancient symbol of the Della Rovere family, while the side pillars bear the mountain and the star symbol of the Chigis which reappear among the gilt wood carvings of the handrail among leafy oak branches. On the lower part of the counterfaçade there are various funeral monuments. He is seen praying with his head turned toward the main altar. The two identical side altars and the majestic organ lofts above the entrance arches of the eastern side chapels were created by his workshop. On the remaining organ-case the pipes are carried by four spreading, gnarled branches of a gilt oak tree complete with leaves and acorns. [33][34], Nuns and founders of great female monastic orders - Sculptor: Ercole Ferrata, Early Christian martyrs in the age of persecution - Sculptor: Antonio Raggi, Early Christian virgins and martyrs - Sculptor: Giuseppe Perone, Early Christian martyrs who suffered to keep their virginity - Sculptor: Antonio Raggi, Nuns and religious reformers - Sculptor: Giovanni Francesco de Rossi, Ancient Roman sisters who helped the persecuted Christians - Sculptors: Paolo Naldini and Lazzaro Morelli, Early Christian virgins and martyrs - Sculptor: Giovanni Antonio Mari, Early Christian virgins and martyrs - Sculptor: Giovanni Francesco de Rossi. However, there are a few pieces of Baroque furniture in the church: two almost identical holy water stoups made of coloured marbles and six wooden confessionals standing by the pillars between the nave and the aisles. Sanctae Mariae de Populo) – tytularna, rzymskokatolicka, bazylika mniejsza znajdująca się na północnym skraju Piazza del Popolo w Rzymie. Rione Rzymu – Campo Marzio przy Piazza del Popolo[1]. Tytuł ten został ustanowiony 13 kwietnia 1587 roku[3]. A cominciare dalla criniera e dalla perfetta resa della muscolatura per finire con il morso di ferro restituito in ogni particolare. 87–88, Antonio Muñoz: Nelle chiese di Roma. Infatti, le due tele del Caravaggio oggi nella Cappella Cerasi non sono le due opere dipinte nel 1601 (che peraltro erano su tavola e non su tela come le attuali) ma due nuovi dipinti eseguiti successivamente. Located next to the northern gate of Rome, Porta del Popolo, the well-known Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo stands in the famous Piazza del Popolo, right in the heart of Rome’s city center. Kościół stał się parafialnym w XVI wieku, kiedy papież Pius IV stworzył parafię św. In: Werner Lehfeldt (Hrsg. Before the Berninian rebuilding the clerestory windows were the same mullioned arched openings like those on the facade and the bell tower. The altarpiece was commissioned by the family of Bernardino Elvino, the bishop of Anglona and the treasurer of Pope Paul III in the years after his death in 1548. The memorial was designed and installed by the architect himself in 1670 two years before his death. Malcolm Letts), London, The Hakluyt Society, 1946, pp. There are cherubs high up in the sky, and the one without wings on his shoulder looks very similar to the sculpted putto supporting the organ loft in the right transept.[36]. Banker Agostino Chigi commissioned Raphael to design and decorate a funerary chapel for him around 1512–1514. Tomasza z Villanueva. The chapel was later completed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini for Fabio Chigi. This group is the work of Antonio Raggi. The tomb of Cardinal Antoniotto Pallavicini on the left wall was made by the same workshop in 1501. Toponimo, comprensorio e zona urbanistica di Roma Capitale, Rome, Edizioni Nuova Cultura, 2012, pp. [42] It is probably the most visually stunning, exuberant and theatrical sepulchral monument in the basilica. Nel 2008 ha abbandonato la Capitale in favore della Sabina, e non se ne è pentito affatto. Ai lati le due tele del Caravaggio delle quali abbiamo det… The princess died in 1745 after visiting a hospital. Po prawej stronie od wejścia znajduje się kaplica Venuti, kaplica Cibo, uważana za jedną z najpiękniejszych kaplic w Rzymie, w ołtarzu znajduje się obraz Najświętszej Maryi Panny Niepokalanie Poczętej pędzla Carlo Maratta, kaplica Najświętszej Maryi Panny Niepokalanie Poczętej i kaplica – ołtarz św. His additions include the sculptures of Habakkuk and the Angel and Daniel and the Lion. Santa Maria del Popolo: Caravaggio & Chigi Chapel. He removed the thick plaster coat from the shafts of the travertine half-columns that was painted to create an appearance of cipollino marble. These figures appear in several drawings of a sketchbook from his workshop but by 1655 Bernini changed his mind and placed statues of female saints on the cornices. The triumphal arch of the chancel is crowned with the painted stucco coat of arms of Cardinal Antonio Maria Sauli. The chapel was restored by Lorenzo Soderini in 1825. Obecnie kościół tytularny kardynała Stanisława Dziwisza. Sessanta anni dopo, nel settembre del 1600 – appena terminate le tele della Cappella Contarelli a San Luigi dei Francesi – al Caravaggio arriva un’altra importante committenza. It should be noted the nave and the transept had a more unified Baroque appearance before the purist restoration of Antonio Muñoz in 1912. Bernini designed two elegant marble cantorie for the instruments which are supported by stucco angels and putti displaying rich garlands of flowers and the coats of arms of Pope Alexander VII. The altar was executed by stonemason Gabriele Renzi around 1658. There are four piers on each side that support the arches separating the nave from the aisles. Łucji oraz kaplica św. Their names are written on the spandrels of the arches with gilt letters. Al centro della cappella, infatti, l’Assunzione della Vergine di Annibale Carracci. The master(s) of the monument are unknown but on stylistic grounds it is assumed to be the work of different groups of sculptors. Rientrato dagli Stati Uniti, ha operato per circa un ventennio nella consulenza di organizzazione e direzione aziendale, ricoprendo incarichi di top management in Italia per due multinazionali americane del settore. Beck, 2007, p. 53, David Boffa: Artistic Identity Set In Stone: Italian Sculptors' Signatures c. 1250-1550, 2011, pp. The keystones in the nave and the transept are decorated with coats of arms of Pope Sixtus IV. Architecturally the transept is similar to the nave with the same quattrocento cross-vaults and half-columns, Baroque stone revetments, cornices and large segmental arched clerestory windows. In the middle the infant Jesus receives the message from the angel of God; both the child and the messenger are wearing similar red and white robes. The chapel is a treasure trove of Italian Renaissance and Baroque art and is considered among the most important monuments in the basilica. A gnarled bronze oak tree (Chigi) grows from the mountain with a huge red marble robe on its branches. Santuario "Santa Maria del Fonte" - Caravaggio, Caravaggio (Italia). The lower part is more interesting: a skeleton is peeping through a window behind an iron grill. On the canvas there are no perceptible signs of the Florentine apprenticeship of the painter, it firmly belongs to the artistic world of the Roman seicento dominated by Carlo Maratta, although Emilian influences could also be noticed.
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