A second miracle was approved on 2 July 2013, and confirmed by Pope Francis two days later. "Is Pope Francis about to “rip up” the Vatican constitution? [132], Pope John Paul II pushed for a reference to Europe's Christian cultural roots in the draft of the European Constitution. Il Papa ha denunciato i limiti del capitalismo globale, rimasto apparentemente unico attore ed unico soggetto  economico della storia, si è saputo fare interprete dei bisogni e delle sofferenze delle popolazioni povere, ha parlato con voce forte della contraddizione Nord Sud ed ha parlato contro i nuovi muri che si sono alzati nella stessa Europa e in tutto il mondo dopo la fine del comunismo “reale”. [314][315][316] On 16 November 2009, a panel of reviewers at the Congregation for the Causes of Saints voted unanimously that Pope John Paul II had lived a life of heroic virtue. Questa attenzione collettiva, anche se è un fenomeno che rischia di essere una strumentalizzazione mediatica, indica però che effettivamente in questa epoca storica quest’uomo ha giganteggiato. He was fond of football. [227], In October 2003, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) issued a statement congratulating John Paul II on entering the 25th year of his papacy. Pope Saint John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II; Polish: Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛv vɔjˈtɨwa]; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 until his death in 2005. fbq('consent', 'grant'); He created McCarrick a cardinal in 2001. Viaggiava tanto. Speriamo che prevalgano le ragioni del dialogo, la logica della semplicità, che possa esservi un’espressione forte, riconoscibile, da parte delle comunità locali maggiormente provate dalle sofferenze, nella testimonianza viva del messaggio cristiano. [188], Calvi, often referred to as "God's Banker", was also involved with the Vatican Bank, Istituto per le Opere di Religione, and was close to Bishop Paul Marcinkus, the bank's chairman. The pope confided to a friend: "I received a letter from Pinochet in which he told me that as a Catholic he had listened to my words, he had accepted them, and he had decided to begin the process to change the leadership of his country. "[229] In another statement issued by the Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council, Director Dr Colin Rubenstein said, "The Pope will be remembered for his inspiring spiritual leadership in the cause of freedom and humanity. [29] School football games were often organised between teams of Jews and Catholics, and Wojtyła often played on the Jewish side. Monsignor Murilo Sebastiao Ramos Krieger, Archbishop of Florianopolis in Brazil was going on a pilgrimage to Medjugorje for a fourth time and Pope John Paul II confided and confirmed to Krieger that "Medjugorje is the spiritual center for the world! È invaso dal dubbio che si tramuta in disperazione. [23][55][86], The second conclave of 1978 started on 14 October, ten days after the funeral. Nessuno quella sera del 1978 avrebbe mai potuto immaginare che, esattamente 20 anni dopo, Wojtyla avrebbe messo piede a Cuba accolto con tutti gli onori da Fidel Castro. Roberto Mosi – Il Papa lascia per molti versi una Chiesa più ricca per gli aspetti di cui stiamo parlando. They interviewed her and dedicated 20 pages to her in their 1996 book His Holiness. Anche gli sforzi per un dialogo con l’islam e le altre religioni sono significativi: la visita alla moschea di Damasco e i buoni rapporti con il Dalai Lama sono altri passi importanti per quell’ottica di dialogo contraria allo “scontro di civiltà” che da altre parti si evoca. [59], According to Wojtyła's schoolmate the future Austrian Cardinal Alfons Stickler, in 1947 during his sojourn at the Angelicum Wojtyła visited Padre Pio, who heard his confession and told him that one day he would ascend to "the highest post in the Church". [75] Baziak died in June 1962 and on 16 July Wojtyła was selected as Vicar Capitular (temporary administrator) of the Archdiocese until an Archbishop could be appointed. [329][330] The next stage was for Cardinals who compose the membership of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints to give their opinion to Pope Francis to decide whether to sign and promulgate the decree and set a date for canonisation. L’apertura a tutto il mondo, lo spostare l’attenzione dall’Italia e dall’Europa per indirizzarla al resto del pianeta è sicuramente un’ottica positiva, in cui riconosco una tendenza vicina al progetto di civiltà planetaria balducciana. [14] On 11 September 2014, Pope Francis added these two optional memorials to the worldwide General Roman Calendar of saints. They called him from a faraway land—far and yet always close because of our communion in faith and Christian traditions. [211] John Paul II said that an end to the Great Schism was one of his fondest wishes. Millions shouted in response, 'We want God! They listened. [221], Relations between Catholicism and Judaism improved dramatically during the pontificate of John Paul II. [82] Tymieniecka produced the English-language version. In questo ambito c’è una contraddizione non sanata, un problema aperto e le formule tradizionali non bastano più. Non solo per la Chiesa cattolica che dopo 455 anni ebbe un vescovo di Roma non italiano, ma per il mondo intero. Dal canto suo Wojtyla ha anche assecondato e interpretato questo grande moto di cambiamento. Edmund's work as a physician eventually led to his death from scarlet fever, a loss that affected Wojtyła deeply. The Church in Europe needs the Poles' testimony of faith. Il Vaticano infine emise un comunicato stampa alle 19:00 affermando che i reni del papa avevano cessato di funzionare. On 19 December 2009, John Paul II was proclaimed venerable by his successor, Benedict XVI, and was beatified on 1 May 2011 (Divine Mercy Sunday) after the Congregation for the Causes of Saints attributed one miracle to his intercession, the healing of a French nun called Marie Simon Pierre from Parkinson's disease. ", "Key findings in Vatican report into ex-Cardinal McCarrick", "The McCarrick Report and Pope John Paul II: Confronting a saint's tarnished legacy", "Text of the accusation letter directed to John Paul II", "Plea to Pope from 'God's banker' Revealed as Murder Trial Begins", "BBC on This Day | 1982: 'God's Banker' Found Hanged", "Criticizing John Paul II : Yet Another Thing The Mainstream Press Does Not Understand About The Catholic Church", "Address to the Representatives of the Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities and of the World Religions", "Address to the Representatives of the other Christian Churches and Ecclesial Communities", "India: Hindu Extremists Against Grants to Missionaries", "Mother Teresa's Hidden Mission in India: Conversion to Christianity", "The Death of the Pope: Analysis of Pope John Paul II's reign", "Pope avoids confrontation with Pinochet", "Argentine military dictator confirms Catholic Church hierarchy was well aware of the "disappeared, "Former Argentinian dictator says he told Catholic Church of disappeared", "Ian Paisley dies: How Paisley made his point", "Historical Documents Reveal Former Pope's Plans", "Free Presbyterian Church—Dr. [163] Edward N. Peters has referred to the 1983 Code as the "Johanno-Pauline Code"[165] (Johannes Paulus is Latin for "John Paul"), paralleling the "Pio-Benedictine" 1917 code that it replaced. Is there, perhaps, in this veneration of ancestors a kind of preparation for the Christian faith in the Communion of Saints, in which all believers—whether living or dead—form a single community, a single body? [331] A Vatican panel of expert theologians examined the evidence, determined that it was directly attributable to the intercession of John Paul II, and recognised it as miraculous. Andrew M. Essig, and Jennifer L. Moore. John Paul II suggested that American bishops be more open and transparent in dealing with such scandals and emphasised the role of seminary training to prevent sexual deviance among future priests. Di vita eterna!”. [170], Before John Paul II's pilgrimage to Latin America, during a meeting with reporters, he criticised Augusto Pinochet's regime as "dictatorial". [271][272][273] His death was verified when an electrocardiogram that ran for 20 minutes showed a flatline. [181] In 1986, Duvalier was deposed in an uprising. [112], The pope won that struggle by transcending politics. On John Paul II's beatification the Chief Rabbi of Rome Riccardo Di Segni said in an interview with the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano that "John Paul II was revolutionary because he tore down a thousand-year wall of Catholic distrust of the Jewish world." Newsweek (19 November 1979): 144,147. Kindle Edition. [366] In 1988, the controversial traditionalist Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, founder of the Society of St. Pius X (1970), was excommunicated under John Paul II because of the unapproved ordination of four bishops, which Cardinal Ratzinger called a "schismatic act". [340][343] In 2008, the Church asserted that the scandal was a very serious problem and estimated that it was "probably caused by 'no more than 1 per cent' " (or 5,000) of the over 500,000 Catholic priests worldwide.[344][345]. [189] Relations between Reagan and John Paul II were close especially because of their shared anti-communism and keen interest in forcing the Soviets out of Poland. At elementary school there were fewer. The alcove had been empty since John XXIII's remains had been moved into the main body of the basilica after his beatification. [325], In September 2020, Poland unveiled a sculpture of him in Warsaw, designed by Jerzy Kalina [pl] and installed outside the National Museum, holding up a meteorite. [363] On 18 June 1982 Calvi's body was found hanging from scaffolding beneath Blackfriars Bridge in the financial district of London. But as political leaders, they were finished. [247][248][249] He was stopped by security guards. Europe needs Poland. In 1985, while visiting the Netherlands, he gave an impassioned speech condemning apartheid at the International Court of Justice, proclaiming that "No system of apartheid or separate development will ever be acceptable as a model for the relations between peoples or races. [223][224], On 30 December 1993, John Paul II established formal diplomatic relations between the Holy See and the State of Israel, acknowledging its centrality in Jewish life and faith.[223]. [183], By the late 1970s the dissolution of the Soviet Union had been predicted by some observers. I renew the appeal I made most recently at Christmas for a consensus to end the death penalty, which is both cruel and unnecessary. John Paul II visited the Vicariate of Solidarity's offices, spoke with its workers, and "called upon them to continue their work, emphasizing that the Gospel consistently urges respect for human rights". "Public Diplomacy and the Lessons of the Soviet Collapse", 2002, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFStourton2006 (. According to the historian John W. O'Malley, the draft text Gaudium et spes that Wojtyła and the Polish delegation sent "had some influence on the version that was sent to the council fathers that summer but was not accepted as the base text". Wojtyła asked his younger companions to call him "Wujek" (Polish for "Uncle") to prevent outsiders from deducing he was a priest. By identifying with him, Poles would have the chance to cleanse themselves of the compromises they had to make to live under the regime. "Thomistic Personalism." [38][40][41] More than eight thousand men and boys were taken that day, while Wojtyła escaped to the Archbishop's Palace,[38][39][40] where he remained until after the Germans had left. E lì, ha ragione Sofri, con dieci anni di anticipo (era il 1979), è iniziato il crollo del Muro. from the crowds gathered during the funeral Mass that he celebrated,[297][298][299][300] Benedict XVI began the beatification process for his predecessor, bypassing the normal restriction that five years must pass after a person's death before beginning the beatification process. Adesso sono questioni che tornano con prepotenza. s = b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0]; L'ultima GMG presieduta da papa Wojtyla fu quella svoltasi a Toronto nel 2002. [268][269][403] Bernstein and Politi even asked her if she had ever developed any romantic relationship with John Paul II, "however one-sided it might have been." È stato un interprete attento dei segni del tempo, dopo il crollo del comunismo storico. To be eligible for canonisation (being declared a saint) by the Catholic Church, two miracles must be attributed to a candidate. "[270], On Saturday, 2 April 2005, at approximately 15:30 CEST, John Paul II spoke his final words in Polish, "Pozwólcie mi odejść do domu Ojca" ("Allow me to depart to the house of the Father"), to his aides, and fell into a coma about four hours later. It is always a defeat for humanity. [24][28] "I remember that at least a third of my classmates at elementary school in Wadowice were Jews. He was in Haiti and Duvalier was out. Conte: ” Sulle nomine errori sono anche miei”. The convergence, neither sought nor fabricated, of the results of work that was conducted independently is in itself a significant argument in favour of this theory." Al Papa atletico e sportivo dei primi tempi che si concedeva di andare a sciare sull’Adamello, in compagnia dall’allora presidente della Repubblica italiana Sandro Pertini. During his private meeting with Stroessner, John Paul II told the dictator: Politics has a fundamental ethical dimension because it is first and foremost a service to man. It was the single largest gathering of heads of state up to that time, surpassing the funerals of Winston Churchill (1965) and Josip Broz Tito (1980). Dal crollo del Muro di Berlino, il 9 novembre 1989, che San Giovanni Paolo II contribuì decisamente a far cadere, all’avvento del terrorismo fondamentalista di matrice islamica con l’attentato alle Torri Gemelle, l’11 settembre 2001. “Colui che può porre un definitivo limite al male è Dio stesso”. Upon hearing of this, the dying pope was said to have stated: "I have searched for you, and now you have come to me, and I thank you. [328][329][330], The second miracle was deemed to have taken place shortly after the late pope's beatification on 1 May 2011; it was reported to be the healing of Costa Rican woman Floribeth Mora of an otherwise terminal brain aneurysm. Four kings, five queens, at least 70 presidents and prime ministers, and more than 14 leaders of other religions attended. [55] Wojtyła developed a theological approach, called phenomenological Thomism, that combined traditional Catholic Thomism with the ideas of personalism, a philosophical approach deriving from phenomenology, which was popular among Catholic intellectuals in Kraków during Wojtyła's intellectual development. [24] Emilia, who was a schoolteacher, died from a heart attack and kidney failure in 1929[25] when Wojtyła was eight years old. Così egli ha realizzato in modo straordinario la vocazione di ogni sacerdote e vescovo: diventare un tutt’uno con quel Gesù, che quotidianamente riceve e offre nella Chiesa”. [334][335], The canonisation Mass for Blessed Popes John Paul II and John XXIII, was celebrated by Pope Francis (with Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI), on 27 April 2014 in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican (Pope John Paul had died on vigil of Divine Mercy Sunday in 2005). He was sentenced to life imprisonment. È necessario attenersi Termini e Condizioni di utilizzo del sito (in particolare punti 3 e 5): evitare gli insulti, le accuse senza fondamento e mantenersi in tema con la discussione. [79] We want God!' He consistently attracted large crowds, some among the largest ever assembled in human history, such as the Manila World Youth Day, which gathered up to four million people, the largest Papal gathering ever, according to the Vatican. Tutto questo lavoro però ha un grande costo economico. "[120], A series of 129 lectures given by John Paul II during his Wednesday audiences in Rome between September 1979 and November 1984 were later compiled and published as a single work titled Theology of the Body, an extended meditation on human sexuality. [211] About 200 thousand people attended the liturgies celebrated by the Pope in Kyiv, and the liturgy in Lviv gathered nearly one and a half million faithful. Some believed that this was the mob's vendetta against the pope for his denunciations of organised crime.[152]. Questa struttura antropologica è stata tale da  incorporare regole morali e regole giuridiche nella forma dei diritti fondamentali che appartengono al diritto e alla morale, conservando la loro peculiarità di regole giuridiche. ", Numerous other theories were advanced to explain the assassination attempt, some of them controversial. Papa Wojtyla ha saputo rendersi interprete dell’esigenza di cambiamento profondo, radicale, rivoluzionario dei paesi dell’Europa centro-orientale. [348] Pope John Paul II accepted his resignation, and placed sanctions on him, prohibiting Paetz from exercising his ministry as bishop. Oggi quali sono le sfide nella Chiesa e  per la  Chiesa nella società? [244] Russian Foreign Intelligence Service spokesman Boris Labusov called the accusation "absurd".
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