He was probably raised in Lugo, capital of the province of Galicia, of which his father, Ramiro, had been named governor. Quebec, American, Canadian, Amerindian, Acadian & European Roots, a Genealogy & History of Ancestors - Series in 7 tomes", Click here for more information on all the Kings' Mistresses at Versailles. Simeon’s successful campaigns against the Byzantines, Magyars and Serbs led Bulgaria to its greatest territorial expansion ever, making it the most powerful state in contemporary Eastern and Southeast Europe. Exitoína | Her grandmother Elizabeth Stuart was a Scottish and later English princess, daughter of James I-VI of England, Scotland and Ireland and granddaughter of Mary I, Queen of Scots. Maria Antonieta: Os agoniantes dias finais da rainha durante a Revolução Francesa, 5 obras sobre Napoleão, um dos maiores estrategistas da História, Caça às bruxas: As mulheres mortas por bruxaria. John (December 24, 1166 – October 19, 1216) was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. Richard (January 5, 1209 – April 2, 1272), second son of John, King of England, was the nominal Count of Poitou (1225–43), Earl of Cornwall (from 1225) and King of Germany (from 1257). Her so-called “reign” lasted from around 1667, when she first danced with Louis XIV at a ball hosted by the king’s younger brother, Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, at the Louvre Palace, until her alleged involvement in the notorious Affaire des Poisons in the late 1670s to 1680s. * 1627 – Anne Marie Louise d’Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1693). Alexander III (March 10, 1845 – November 1, 1894) was Emperor of Russia, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland from 13 March 13, 1881 until his death on November 1, 1894. Vale lembrar que os preços e a quantidade disponível dos produtos condizem com os da data da publicação deste post. * 1199 – John is crowned King of England. Maximilian-Joseph was the son of the Count Palatine Friedrich-Michael of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Maria-Francisca of Sulzbach, was at Schwetzingen, between Heidelberg and Mannheim. CARAS | 981). Danielle et Olga Obry LeMyre (1916-2006) GRUPO PERFIL - Argentina, Brasil, Portugal e Uruguai, AnaMaria | Maximilian I Joseph (May 27, 1756 – October 13, 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, prince-elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1806, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825. The actual title of Count Dirk III was ‘Count in Friesland’. 514 236-0244 One of the few surviving members of the Plantagenet dynasty after the Wars of the Roses, she was executed in 1541 at the command of Henry VIII, who was the son of her first cousin Elizabeth of York. Visitantes Únicos   65.904.448 (jun/2019), PERFIL Brasil Later Mme de Montespan official mistress of the King at the time, obtained a pension for her. Constant was in prison for counterfitting, but he was also a murderer. * 1153 – Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland. Before Francoise, Constant and Jeanne had two sons: Constant, born in 1628, died accidently in 1646. After two years he abandons them and goes to La Rochelle. During his reign, Russia fought no major wars; he was therefore styled “The Peacemaker”. The main areas of habitation were in the dunes at the coast and on heightened areas near the rivers. Her Mother was Jeanne de Cardilhac. Back to Index. He was one of the wealthiest men in Europe and joined the Barons’ Crusade, where he achieved success as a negotiator for the release of prisoners and assisted with the building of the citadel in Ascalon. Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (August 14, 1473 – May 27, 1541), was an English peeress. At twelve, the girl and her two brothers were educated by a Protestant aunt, but the Mother of her GodMother, Madame de Neuillant, gets special permission from the Queen Anne d'Autriche to kidnap the child from this Calvinistic (Huguenot) home. Thank you for your visitDanielle - ddlemyre@yahoo.com - Acabou indo trabalhar para Henrietta da Inglaterra, esposa do irmão de Luís XIV. John was the youngest of the four surviving sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. Eventually she is taken to the Ursulines Convent in Niort, until sixteen, but she still has not really adopted the Catholic faith so she is put in another convent, in Paris, where she decides to convert to get her freedom and becomes very devout. * 1883 – Alexander III is crowned Emperor of Russia. Under the influence of Konstantin Pobedonostsev (1827–1907) he opposed any reform that limited his autocratic rule. Click here for more information on all the Kings' Mistresses at Versailles. A antiga dama de companhia passou seus últimos dias reclusa em no mosteiro de Saint-Joseph, em Paris e acabou falecendo por causas naturais em 1707. It was in 1684, King Louis XIV, having had great esteem for Mme de Maintenon, secretly married her. Nascida em 05 de outubro de 1640 em Lussac-les-Châteaux, na… At that point, Francoise is used as a servant, herding the turkeys. He had six children, including his successor, Alfonso III. Ever since 1666, Madame de Montespan had been pursuing Louis and at the same time was openly resenting the Queen. Ludovico Maria Sforza (July 27, 1452 – May 27, 1508), was an Italian Renaissance prince who ruled as Duke of Milan from 1494, following the death of his nephew Gian Galeazzo Sforza, until 1499. * 927 – Simeon I of Bulgaria first Bulgarian Emperor (b. His reign was also a period of unmatched cultural prosperity and enlightenment later deemed the Golden Age of Bulgarian culture. * 1703 – Emperor Peter I the Great of Russia founds the city of Saint Petersburg. His Nouvelles magi-comiques supplied Moliere, Beaumarchais and Sedaine with characters, plots, and titles. They lived there in great poverty. Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Marquise of Montespan. She is an ancestress of several royal houses in Europe, including those of Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Portugal, Belgium and Luxembourg. In 1673, when the Queen died, the King legitimized his children from Madame de Montespan and Francoise was able to go to the, Mme de Montespan had been the lady-in-waiting for the Queen Maria-Theresaand after she was granted a divorce from her ex-husband, the Marquis de Montespan, she became the Official Mistress of the King.She was eventually supplanted by Mlle de Fontange.The Queen, Marie-Therese, was devoted to Mme de Maintenon and died in her arms. Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark) were officially crowned and anointed at the Assumption Cathedral in Moscow on May 27, 1883. After the death of his father in 1567, Hesse was divided among his sons and Louis received Hesse-Marburg (Upper Hesse) including Marburg and Giessen. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Eusébio Matoso, 1.375 5º andar - 05423-905 | São Paulo, SP, Anuncie no Grupo Perfil 864). LUIGI XIV IL RE SOLE. Luís XVI com medo de seu nome ser envolvido nesse alvoroço, ordenou que todas as acusações contra ela fossem arquivadas e seu nome não fosse mencionado novamente em nenhum documento. * 1707 – Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. Soon she had her position secured and in 11 years gave birth to 7 children by Louis XIV. He holds a "salon" in their home. He was famed as a patron of Leonardo da Vinci and other artists, and presided over the final and most productive stage of the Milanese Renaissance. Alexander’s ascension to the throne was followed by an outbreak of anti-Jewish riots. Happy Birthday to HRH The Prince of Wales. He was the eldest son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria (died 1152) and Ada de Warenne. Contigo | In spite of her Protestant heritage she was baptized a Catholic. After a string of proposals from various members of European ruling families, including Charles II of England, Afonso VI of Portugal, and Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy, she eventually fell in love with the courtier Antoine Nompar de Caumont and scandalised the court of France when she asked Louis XIV for permission to marry him, as such a union was viewed as a mésalliance. Madame de Maintenon is the mistress of Louis XIV of France and his second (and secret) wife. Em 1663 casou-se com Luis Henrique de Pardaillan, o Marquês de Montespan, de quem teve dois filhos. Danielle et Olga Obry LeMyre (1916-2006) Her vast, frank correspondence provides a detailed account of the personalities and activities at the court of her brother-in-law, Louis XIV, for half a century, from the date of her marriage in 1672. Pope Leo XIII beatified her as a martyr for the Catholic Church on December 29, 1886. 1640) Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Marquise of Montespan (October 5, 1640 – May 27, 1707), better known as Madame de Montespan was the most celebrated maîtresse-en-titre of King Louis XIV of France and Navarre, by whom she had seven children. The last years of Madame de Montespan’s life were given up to a very severe penance. * 1508 – Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan (b. Part I. November 16, 1272: Death of Henry III, King of England and accession of Edward I as King of England. Av. Her Father was persecuted for his Huguenot sympathies. A member of the Sforza family, he was the fourth son of Francesco I Sforza. Ordoño died in Oviedo and was succeeded by his eldest son. Thank you for your visitDanielle - ddlemyre@yahoo.com - About Madame de Montespan, Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, from Historical Figures of France, a full length portrait by artist and historian George Stuart. Garantindo sempre uma vida de luxo e conforto, aos 12 anos foi enviada para o convento de Santa Maria para receber uma educação apropriada para sua posição social. Mary-Kate e Ashley Olsen: o que aconteceu com as gêmeas mais famosas de Hollywood? She was the daughter of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, the brother of kings Edward IV and Richard III of England. Além de trocada, foi acusada de envolvimento com feitiçaria, foi considerada suspeita pelo envenenamento de Marie Angélique de Scorailles, em 1681. It served as a capital of the Russian Tsardom and the subsequent Russian Empire from 1713 to 1918 (being replaced by Moscow for a short period of time between 1728 and 1730). He is remembered for his Histoire Universelle and Histoire Secrete who were officially burned and he also wrote Les Aventures du baron de Foeneste and Les Tragiques, poemes satiriques. Participava sempre de bailes e jantares cedidos pela coroa, se destacando por seu carisma e encanto. If their maternal parentage had been revealed, the marquis could have legally claimed Madame de Montespan’s illegitimate children with the king as his own. Participava sempre de bailes e jantares cedidos pela coroa, se destacando por seu carisma e encanto. The city was founded by Emperor Peter I the Great on May 27, 1703, on the site of a captured Swedish fortress. Anne Marie Louise d’Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier, (May 27, 1627 – April 5, 1693) known as La Grande Mademoiselle, was the only daughter of Gaston d’Orléans with his first wife Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier. When the second child arrives, the same thing is required from Francoise, but he is kept in another house, out of Paris. He his a poet, Paul SCARRON 1610-1660, a French Realistic Novelist and burlesque playwright remembered for Roman comique. She remained with him until his death in 1715. Todos os direitos reservados. Anne Marie Louise d’Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier. She is still 16 years old when her Godmother decides to marry her and choses a man 25 years older, with serious rhumatism. One of the greatest heiresses in history, she died unmarried and childless, leaving her vast fortune to her cousin, Philippe of France. When King Louis XIV died in 1715, and Louis XV came into power, she retired in St.Cyr Fran�oise d'Aubign�, comtesse de Maintenon, died in 1719. On January 1, 850, Ordoño succeeded his father as king. Além disso, assinantes Amazon Prime recebem os produtos com mais rapidez e frete grátis, e a revista Aventuras na História pode ganhar uma parcela das vendas ou outro tipo de compensação pelos links nesta página. In 1673, the couple’s three living illegitimate children were legitimated by Louis XIV and given the royal surname of de Bourbon. Françoise logo ficou conhecida como uma das mulheres mais lindas da corte. Her immediate contemporary was Barbara Villiers, mistress of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. Madame de Montespam nasceu em 06 de outubro de 1640, em Lussac-les-Châteaux, na França. After the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks moved their government to Moscow. +55 (11) 2197-2000 ou comercialon@caras.com.br. Em 1667, o Rei Luís XIV se apaixonou pela mulher e a tornou sua amante. Landgrave Ludwig IV of Hesse-Marburg (May 27, 1537 – October 9, 1604) was the son of Landgrave Philipp I of Hesse and his wife Christine of Saxony. Recreio | Contudo, ser uma mulher na corte era uma tarefa extremamente complicada, muito pelo fato das figuras femininas poderosas eram sempre consideradas amantes do rei. É proibida a reprodução do conteúdo desta página em qualquer meio de comunicação, eletrônico ou impresso, sem autorização escrita da Perfil.com Ltda. Sou+Eu | To all intent, she was an orphan. She is best remembered for her role in the Fronde, her role in bringing the famous composer Lully to the king’s court, and her Mémoires. There he was educated, including in the military arts. +Saiba mais sobre a última rainha da França através de importantes obras, O amor e Luís XIV , de Antonia Fraser (2010)-  https://amzn.to/2U7SmG7, LUIS XIV: A Biografia (Homens que Mudaram o Mundo) (2004) - https://amzn.to/3aKWH8D, A esposa secreta de Luís XIV, Veronica Buckley (2012) - https://amzn.to/2xpzbQ9. Teria conhecido Van Gogh: Jeanne Louise Calment, a mulher que passou 62 anos na terceira idade, Da irmã de Diana a Camilla: a movimentada vida íntima do Príncipe Charles, Breve romance com Charles: Lady Sarah Spencer, a não tão conhecida irmã de Diana, Ao acaso, fazendeiro encontra estátua de deus do sol do século 10 na Índia, A condição rara de Bayezid Hossain, o 'Benjamim Button' de Bangladesh. November 11, 1748: Birth of King Carlos IV of Spain. Gaston d’Orléans the third son of King Henri IV of France and his wife Marie de’ Medici. He succeeded his grandfather David I, and shared David’s Anglo-Norman tastes. 1452). Conheça a história Françoise de Rochechouart Athenais de Montespan, a mulher que movimento a corte francesa do rei Luís XIV e se tornou sua principal amante, Paola Churchill Publicado em 10/03/2020, às 11h14. In 1669 starts a real saga: Mme de Montespan is pregnant with her first child from the King, Louis XIV dit le Roi Soleil (the Sun King).Mme de Maintenon is hired to secretly conceal this first child, waiting at the birthing, then hiding the child in small house in Paris, so that the Marquis de Montespan is unable to have the child to legitimize him. Because of her high standards, it is unlikely that Mme de Maintenon had been his mistress, though it is possible. Princess Elisabeth-Charlotte is directly related to several iconic European monarchs. * 1707 – Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. Marie, no período era a nova favortia do imperador, deu a luz à um natimorto e morreu devido a complicações no parto. In questo modo, pensava madame de La Vallière, il sovrano si sarebbe sentito meno annoiato e sarebbe venuto più volentieri a trovarla. When King Louis XIV died in 1715, and Louis XV came into power, she retired in St.Cyr Fran�oise d'Aubign�, comtesse de Maintenon, died in 1719. In 1669 starts a real saga: Mme de Montespan is pregnant with her first child from the King, Louis XIV dit le Roi Soleil (the Sun King). Danielle - Celebrations 2000 Through Scarron's position she became a figure in the literary and intellectual world of Paris, being a fine writer herself.In 1660 he died leaving her with some debts and�again she found herself penniless, but the Queen-Mother continued to his widow the poet's pension. * 1257 – Richard of Cornwall, and his wife, Sanchia of Provence, are crowned King and Queen of the Germans at Aachen Cathedral. November 17, 1558: Death of Mary I, Queen of England and Ireland. Em 1667, o Rei Luís XIV se apaixonou pela mulher e a tornou sua amante. When again Mme de Montespan is with child, the King decides to install the governess (Mme de Maintenon) and all his bastards (6) at Vaugirard. Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. Margaret was one of two women in 16th-century England to be a peeress in her own right with no titled husband. Com a imagem desgastada, Françoise passou a ser considerada uma perigosa bruxa, e a possibilidade de envenenamento de uma jovem só acabou mais ainda com sua reputação no meio da realeza. Por mais que quisessem manter o relacionamento escondido, todos acabaram descobrindo e seu marido provocou um enorme  escândalo e acabou sendo exilado do castelo. 1626 – Willem II, Prince of Orange (d. 1650). Most of the territory was boggy and subject to constant flooding and hence very sparsely populated. Willem II (May 27, 1626 – November 6, 1650) was sovereign Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, Overijssel and Groningen in the United Provinces of the Netherlands from March 14, 1647 until his death three years later. She finally met Louis XIV in 1667 at a ball and soon made her way into his chambers. Charles, born in 1634, died in 1703, Francoise's Grand-Father was Theodore Agrippa d'Aubigne (1552-1630), a well-known soldier, historian and poet, Calvinistic, whose life, filled with dangers and adventures in the Huguenot cause under Henri IV, ended in exile at Geneva and died a hero. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * As a result, he ascended to the Russian imperial throne in Nennal. We were there! November 13, 1002: St. Brice’s Day massacre. Por que a maioria das bruxas são mulheres? When Constant came out of prison, sure of getting the post of Governor for La Martinique, he brings there all his family. Tome 2.St-Castin (1685-1728)Charlotte Guyon D'Amours, The Marchioness of Maintenon, la marquise de Maintenon,�n�e Francoise d'Aubigne, was born in the prison of Niort on November 24 1635. Born into one of the oldest noble families of France, the House of Rochechouart, Madame de Montespan was called by some the “true Queen of France”‘ during her romantic relationship with Louis XIV due to the pervasiveness of her influence at court during that time. Uma mulher intrigante, de temperamento forte e que movimentou a corte francesa de Luís XIV. Páginas Vistas 252.014.284 (jun/2019) 1640). Aventuras na História | Posted by liamfoley63 in Featured Monarch, Featured Noble, Featured Royal, Kingdom of Europe, Royal Genealogy, Royal House, Royal Mistress, Royal Succession, Royal Titles, This Day in Royal History, Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Countess of Salisbury, Duchess of Montpensier, Elizabeth-Charlotte, Emperor Alexander III of Russia, Emperor of Russia, Emperor Peter the Great, King Edward IV of England, King Louis XIV of France and Navarre, Madame de Montespan, Margaret Pole, Princess Palatine, Tsar Simeon I the Great. Catelog name MarqsMontespan_v1. Dirk III (also called Dirik or Theodoric) was Count of Holland from 993 to 27 May 1039, until 1005 under regency of his mother. Ainda que detivesse o posto de amante oficial do soberano, o grande líder acabou se apaixonando por Françoise d’Aubigné, até então Marquesa de Maintenon, que tinha sido escolhida pela própria Montespan para cuidar de seus filhos. Estas foram as principais impressões que obtive ao iniciar minhas pesquisas sobre Françoise de Rochechouart Athenais de Montespan, que ficou comumente conhecida em sua fase adulta como Madame de Montespan. A relação do rei com a antiga amada já estava em seu fim, que contribuiu para que o próprio se apaixonasse por outra, para o descontentamento da mulher. Tsar Simeon I the Great ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927, during the First Bulgarian Empire. Real sorrow over her death was felt by her three youngest children. Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Marquise of Montespan (October 5, 1640 – May 27, 1707), better known as Madame de Montespan was the most celebrated maîtresse-en-titre of King Louis XIV of France and Navarre, by whom she had seven children. The baronial revolt at the end of John’s reign led to the sealing of Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom. She died on May 27, 1707 at the age of almost sixty-seven while taking the waters at Bourbon-l’Archambault in order to try to heal an illness. Seus pais Gabriel Rochechouart de Mortemart e Diane de Grandseigne vinham de uma das famílias mais nobres francesas. He is probably best known as the man who commissioned The Last Supper. A soberana comentava entre outros membros da corte seu descontentamento com a dama de companhia: “Esta prostituta é a minha sentença de morte”. She had chosen to stay with her husband in prison. Só deixou o internato após 13 anos, para realizar o sonho da maioria das mulheres que frequentavam a corte: ser dama de companhia. Princess Elisabeth-Charlotte was born in Heidelberg Castle, to Charles I Ludwig, Elector Palatine of the Simmern branch of the House of Wittelsbach, and Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Cassel. Fu un errore e un pessimo calcolo: la furba e ambiziosa Athénaϊs seppe ammaliare facilmente Luigi XIV e il 5 novembre del 1666, a corte, si mormorava già che il re aveva “notato” madame de Montespan. Com a morte da cunhada de Luís XIV, em 1670, passou a ser dama de companhia da própria rainha, e não perdia nenhuma oportunidade de humilhar a Maria Teresa, o que causava a desaprovação de seu amado. * 1652 – Elizabeth-Charlotte, Princess Palatine of Germany (d. 1722). * 1537 – Ludwig IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg (d. 1604). Em 1663 casou-se com Luis Henrique de Pardaillan, o Marquês de Montespan, de quem teve dois filhos. Their mother’s name, however, was not mentioned in the legitimization documents, as Madame de Montespan was still married to her husband. * 1541 – Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (b. She was judged harshly by the Ministers of the King� because of her "undue" influence on the King on matters of State, mostly religious tolerance for the many Protestants still living in France since Henri IV. There we can see: Benserade, Marigny, Mortemart, Villarceaux, la marquise de S�vign�. His only child, William III, co-reigned as King of England, Ireland, and Scotland along with his wife Queen Mary II. Mme de Maintenon is hired to secretly conceal this first child, waiting at the birthing, then hiding the child in small house in Paris, so that the Marquis de Montespan is unable to have the child to legitimize him. He was highly reactionary and reversed some of the liberal reforms of his father, Alexander II. * 1039 – Dirk III, Count of Holland (b. The king forbade her children to wear mourning for her. * 1756 – Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (d. 1825). This site is for your enjoyment: let me know what worked for you or if you know something I don't. " Ordoño married Muniadona. Malcolm IV (between April 23 and May 24, 1141 – December 9, 1165) was King of Scotland from 1153 until his death. On March 13, 1881 Alexander’s father, Emperor Alexander II, was assassinated by members of the extremist organization Narodnaya Volya. Ordoño I (c. 821 – May 27, 866) was King of Asturias from 850 until his death. 514 236-0244, Guest Book Please,� let us know your own Roots,we're interested!�, released after 7 years in prison (house-arrest). Assim, ela sofreu com humilhações, um exemplo que pode ser citado é o fato de na hora da missa, os padres se recusavam a lhe dar a comunhão. Sportbuzz | As he was his father’s heir, he was the first king of Asturias to ascend the throne without election. Her father was Constant d'Aubigne, seigneur d'Aubigny et de Surimeau. Françoise logo ficou conhecida como uma das mulheres mais lindas da corte. Louis invoked her hereditary claim to the Palatinate as pretext to launch the Nine Years’ War in 1688. Copyright Grupo Perfil. Máxima | The family spent some years in Martinique, but when they hear of Constant's death, Francoise and her Mother returned to France. Alas, the job is already taken. Click here for more information on all the Kings' Mistresses at Versailles.She had Mme de Guyon released after 7 years in prison (house-arrest)because of her Quietist teachings which had been disturbing to the Pope.She had founded a famous school for the empoverished noble-born� girls, St-Cyr, which provided them with an opportunity to get the education expected when they would marry at their level or beyond; during the late 1670's quite a few "filles du roy' which went to la Nouvelle-France also spent some time at St-Cyr before their trip. Western Frisia was very different from the area (North and South Holland) of today. VivaMais, AUDIÊNCIA DA PERFIL BRASIL: He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach. The area over which Dirk ruled was called Holland for the first time only in 1101 and was known as West Friesland at this time. 1473). He lost the Duchy of Normandy and most of his other French lands to King Philippe II of France, resulting in the collapse of the Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the French Capetian dynasty during the 13th century. Durante o período que durou a relação a amante oficial teve sete filhos com o rei. Her first cousin became George I, the first Hanover King of Great Britain. It is thought that Dirk III went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land around 1030, hence his nickname of Hierosolymita (‘the Jerusalemite’ in Latin). Princess Elisabeth-Charlotte (May 27, 1652 – December 8, 1722) was a German princess and, as Madame, the second wife of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger brother of Louis XIV of France, and mother of France’s ruler during the Regency.
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