V nevihti na jezeru Lucern je Tellu uspelo pobegniti. His father's rebuke provokes an outpouring of despair from Arnold: in his recitative we learn of his previous service in the forces of the Austrian rulers, his rescue of Mathilde from an avalanche, and the conflict between his love for her and his shame at serving the "perfidious power". She is, like Arnold, anguished by the love she feels for her rescuer, and contemplates it as she sings (Sombre forêt, désert triste et sauvage – "Somber forest, sad and savage wilderness"). In some versions, Mathilde, Jemmy and Hedwige sing a moving trio (Je rends a votre amour un fils digne de vous – "I return to your love a son worthy of you"). They question Arnold as to why he loves Mathilde, a member of the oppressing Austrians. Tell invites Melchthal into his chalet; before they move off, Melchthal chides his son for his failure to marry. O crime!"). V njegovem času so Habsburžani hoteli zavzeti Uri. Horn fanfares herald the approach of Gesler, the Austrian governor, whom the Swiss detest, and his entourage. Mathilde, idole de mon âme!...Ô ma patrie, mon cœur te sacrifie... – "Ah, Mathilde, idol of my soul...O my fatherland, my heart sacrifices to you..."). [12], A co-production by the Dutch National Opera and the Metropolitan Opera New York of the opera in the original French opened at the Met in October 2016 with Gerald Finley in the title role. [7] It was revived at the Metropolitan Opera in 1923 with Rosa Ponselle and Giovanni Martinelli, and there were revivals during the 1930s in Milan, Rome, Paris, Berlin and Florence. Arnold, offended by their spying, declares his intention to continue fighting for the Austrians, and thus gain glory, rather than liberty. Gesler's guards arrive, led by Rodolphe, who is further incensed by the villagers' prayers and their evident joy at the escape. Wikimedijina zbirka ponuja več predstavnostnega gradiva o temi: Čas zadnje spremembe strani: 20:17, 7. oktober 2017. The whole of it?". [6] In New York, William Tell was first presented on 19 September 1831. https://sl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viljem_Tell&oldid=4906188, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji VIAF, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji LCCN, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji ISNI, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji GND, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji NKC, Creative Commons It is the day of the Shepherd Festival, in May, near Lake Lucerne. Guillaume Tell (en galego, Guillerme Tell) é unha ópera en catro actos con música de Gioachino Rossini e libreto en francés de Étienne de Jouy e Hippolyte Bis, baseados na obra Wilhelm Tell de Friedrich Schiller, que ten como protagonista ao lendario heroe da independencia suíza Guillerme Tell.Foi estreada na Ópera Garnier de París o 3 de agosto de 1829 [3] The opera's length, roughly four hours of music, and casting requirements, such as the high range required for the tenor part, have contributed to the difficulty of producing the work. Segunda la legenda, 'l Güjelm Tell l'è nassüü e vivüü intra la fin del XIII e 'l prenzipi del XIV secul a Bürglen, in del Cantun Uri, e l'era un gran tiradur de balestra. [8], In the later 20th century there were major productions in Florence (1972), Geneva (1979, 1991), La Scala (1988), Théâtre des Champs-Élysées (1989), Covent Garden (1990), and then Opéra Bastille (2003)[3] as well as at the Sportspalace in Pesaro (lasting over 5 hours, 1995). Ko je šel mimo njega Tell, ne da bi se priklonil, so ga aretirali. The Teatro San Carlo produced the opera in 1833, but then did not give another production for around 50 years. However, his son Arnold, though of marriageable age, is not participating and is evidently uncomfortable. ), This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 11:18. Mathilde, however, lingers, believing she has glimpsed Arnold in the vicinity. The first Venice production, at the Teatro La Fenice, was not until 1856. Plans are made to arm the cantons and to rise up when "the beacons of vengeance burn". Viljem Tell naj bi se leta 1315 boril v bitki pri Morgartnu. Soldiers have noticed Tell and his son in the crowd, refusing to pay homage to the hat, and drag him forward. On the heights of Rütli, overlooking the Lake and the Cantons. However, when Walter tells him that Gesler has executed his father Melchthal, Arnold vows revenge (Qu'entends-je? Seeing the men armed, Arnold launches into the hugely demanding (Amis, amis, secondez ma vengeance – "Friends, friends, assist my vengeance"), replete with multiple and sustained top Cs. Political concerns have also contributed to the varying fortunes of the work. 18. novembra 1307 je Tell brez nezgode z enim samim strelom preklal sadež na pol. In their duet (Oui, vous l'arrachez à mon âme – "Yes, you wring from my soul"), they recognise their mutual passion, but also the obstacles they face. Wilhelm Tell (francuski: Guillaume Tell; talijanski: Guglielmo Tell) legendarni je švicarski nacionalni junak koji je navodno živio u 14. stoljeću u švicarskom kantonu Uri.. Legenda. Umrl naj bi leta 1354, med poskusom reševanja utapljajočega se otroka iz gorske reke Schächenbach v Uriju. The performance was very well reviewed, and marked the first full performance of the work in the history of the Proms. Guillaume Tell és una òpera en quatre actes de Gioachino Rossini segons un llibret francès d'Étienne de Jouy i Hippolyte Bis, basat al seu torn en Wilhelm Tell de Friedrich von Schiller sobre el personatge de Guillem Tell.S'estrenava a l'Opéra de París el 3 d'agost de 1829. Resigned, Tell retrieves his bow from the soldiers, but takes two arrows from his quiver and hides one of them. Gesler notices the affection Tell has for his son, and has Jemmy seized. It is Jemmy who notices the hurried approach of the pale, trembling and wounded shepherd, Leuthold, who killed one of Gesler's soldiers to defend his daughter and is fleeing the governor's forces. By the end of the exchange, Arnold is prepared to confront Gesler the moment he arrives; Tell persuades him to at least let the festival pass in peace, but knows he has gained a convert to the cause of freedom. Revived, Arnold points them to the weapons cache that his father and Tell had prepared. Hearing preparations for the coming festival in the palace grounds, they bid a fond farewell to each other (Sur la rive étrangère – "Though upon a foreign shore"). The activities are interrupted by the ranz des vaches resounding from the hills (often performed by off-stage horns, and echoing in its theme the ranz de vaches in the opera's overture). The gathering is complete, and the tone and tempo of the finale rises as the men of the three cantons affirm their willingness to fight or die for the freedom of Switzerland (Jurons, jurons par nos dangers – "Let us swear, let us swear by our dangers"). Tell confesses his desire to kill Gesler with the second arrow, and both he and Jemmy are seized for execution. Foi estreada na Ópera Garnier de París o 3 de agosto de 1829. Viljem Tell iz Bürglena je bil znan kot izvrsten strelec s samostrelom. He dies a victim of his love for his country"). Her son enters, along with Mathilde, whom Hedwige entreats for assistance. Characters portrayed on the Obers and Unters include: Hermann Gessler, Walter Fürst, Rudolf Harras and William Tell. The horns also signal the arrival of Melchthal, a respected elder of the canton. Tellovo kljubovanje je zanetilo upor, ki je pripeljal do ustanovitve stare švicarske konfederacije, predhodnice švicarske države. Gesler announces his intention to take Tell across Lake Lucerne to the fort at Kusnac/Küssnacht, and there to throw him to the reptiles in the lake. The fisherman, Ruodi, sings a gentle love song from his boat (to orchestral accompaniment from the harps and flutes). Tell informs them of Gesler's death, but cautions that Altdorf still stands. In Italy, because the work glorified a revolutionary figure against authority, the opera encountered difficulties with the Italian censors, and the number of productions in Italy was limited. Viljem Tell (nemško Wilhelm Tell; francosko Guillaume Tell; italijansko Guglielmo Tell) je legendarni heroj, katerega resnični (zgodovinski) obstoj je vprašljiv.Živel naj bi v zgodnjem 14. stoletju, v švicarskem kantonu Uri. Inquiring as to where Arnold is going, Tell persuades him to consider joining the planned rebellion against the governor. His wife and son add their own interpretation of Ruodi's song, presaging the coming nautical dramas. Tell returns from searching for the departed Arnold just in time: even as the soldiers approach, calling for Leuthold's blood, Tell takes Leuthold into the boat and out onto the water. William Tell stands apart from the general merriment, however: he is consumed with ennui at Switzerland's continued oppression (Il chante, et l'Helvétie pleure sa liberté – "He sings, and Helvetia mourns her liberty"). It is the men of the canton of Unterwalden coming to join the fight, and describing their journey in a rather gentle refrain (Nous avons su braver). For the Grétry opera, see, Lithograph of the composer by Charlet Ory, 1829, Kirby, Percival R., "Rossini's Overture to, Manuscript letter with Rossini's autograph signature from Rossini to Valentino (Paris, 9 August 1829), thanking Valentino for preparing and conducting the orchestra (, "Report from Santa Cecilia", 3 September 2010, on santacecilias.it, "Review: A New, Abstract 'Guillaume Tell' at the Met Opera", BnF catalogue général – Notice bibliographique, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, International Music Score Library Project, Portrait of the opera in the Online opera guide www.opera-inside.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Tell_(opera)&oldid=987339627, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Ah, Mathilde, je t'aime et je t'adore" (Arnold, act 1), "Que la gloire puisse exalter nos cœurs" (Arnold, Tell and Walter, act 2), "Pour notre amour... Sur la rive étrangère" (Mathilde, act 3), "Asile héréditaire... Amis, amis, secondez ma vengeance" (Arnold, act 4), Osborne, Richard (2004), "Rossini's Life", in Emanuele Senici (Ed. The opera was Rossini's last, although he lived for nearly 40 more years. Walter and a group of confederates arrive, having seen the burning house. [9] This performance was of the French version, with some cuts to particularly the fourth act (which Pappano noted had been approved by Rossini himself). [5] As Hofer, or the Tell of the Tyrol, the opera was first performed at Drury Lane in London on 1 May 1830 (in English), with a production in Italian following in 1839 at Her Majesty's, and in French at Covent Garden in 1845. [1] Obstaja tudi freska iz leta 1582 v kapeli v Bürglenu, ki prikazuje dogodek. V nasprotnem primeru bi usmrtili oba. Would-be "confederates" arrive, sharing and reinforcing his hope of vengeance. The overture has four parts, each linked to the next: By the shore of Lake Lucerne, at Bürglen in the canton of Uri. Arnold sees Mathilde, who declares herself "disabused of false grandeur" and ready to join the fight for liberty at his side. Arnold moves off to greet their arrival, as Mathilde will accompany them, but is stopped by Tell. The famous overture to the opera is often heard independently of the complete work. Naložili so mu kazen, naj z glave svojega sina Walterja sestreli jabolko. The day is the hundredth anniversary of Austrian rule in Switzerland. Jemmy tells him that, for want of a beacon, he set fire to their home but, before doing so, he retrieved his father's bow and arrows. She tells the other women she intends to beg Gesler for Tell's life. In the distance, she hears Jemmy calling. [1] The often-performed overture in four sections features a depiction of a storm and a vivacious finale, the "March of the Swiss Soldiers". Fabio Luisi said that Rossini planned for William Tell to be his last opera even as he composed it. Resolved, they leave to storm Altdorf and free Tell. Hermann Gessler, novonastavljeni avstrijski Vogt (glavar) Altdorfa je na glavnem vaškem trgu dvignil drog, na vrh katerega je obesil svoj klobuk. The action opens on an idyllic scene, with the local peasants busily preparing chalets for three newly wedded couples, singing as they work (Quel jour serein le ciel présage – "What a serene day the sky foretells"). Tellu so obljubili svobodo, če sestreli jabolko. [10] A live recording of this concert performance was released in 2011, and the production was transferred to The Proms in July of that year, with Michele Pertusi taking on the title role, Patricia Bardon[11] as Hedwige, Nicolas Courjal as Gessler, and Mark Stone as Leuthold. The villagers then reassemble, and Melchthal blesses the couples. Il meurt victime de son amour pour son pays – "Save William! Gesler commands that there should be dancing and singing to mark the century during which the empire has "deigned to sustain [Swiss] weakness", and a variety of dances and choruses follow. The boat pulls into view, and Tell jumps ashore before pushing the boat back. Finally, Tell draws his bow, shoots, and drives the arrow through the apple and into the stake. Leuthold arrives, telling the assembled villagers that the boat carrying Tell, Gesler and the soldiers is being driven towards the rocks by a storm that has broken over the lake – Leuthold believes that the chains have been removed from Tell's hands, so that he might pilot the boat to safety. Arnold appears, and each confesses to the other their desire for this meeting. He is persuaded by Hedwige to bless the couples at the celebration. [18], This article is about the Rossini opera. The musician Andy Stewart added lyrics and the song in 1961 became a hit under the name "A Scottish Soldier". Performances have been given in both French and Italian. When he tells her that it was Gesler who had his father executed, she denounces his crime, and recognises the impossibility of their love (Pour notre amour, plus d'espérance – "All hope for our love has gone"). They leave, amid conflicting cries of "Anathema on Gesler" from the people, and "Long live Gesler" from the soldiers. Guillaume Tell (barítono)Hedwige (mezzosoprano)Jemmy (soprano)Mathilde (soprano)Arnold Melchtal (tenor)Melchtal (baixo)Gesler (baixo)Walter Furst (baixo)Ruodi (tenor)Leuthold (baixo)Rodolphe (tenor)Un cazador (barítono), Guillaume Tell (en galego, Guillerme Tell) é unha ópera en catro actos con música de Gioachino Rossini e libreto en francés de Étienne de Jouy e Hippolyte Bis, baseados na obra Wilhelm Tell de Friedrich Schiller, que ten como protagonista ao lendario heroe da independencia suíza Guillerme Tell. [3] In 1864 Offenbach quoted the patriotic trio from Act 2, "Lorsque la Grèce est un champ de carnage" in La Belle Hélène.[3]. These cards spread across the Austro-Hungarian Empire and are still the most common German-suited playing cards in that part of the world today. Soldiers sing of the glories of Gesler and the Emperor. Paris Opéra archivist Charles Malherbe discovered the original orchestral score of the opera at a secondhand book seller's shop, resulting in its being acquired by the Paris Conservatoire.[2].
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