[206][207] As Archbishop of Kraków, long before the 14th Dalai Lama was a world-famous figure, Wojtyła held special Masses to pray for the Tibetan people's non-violent struggle for freedom from Maoist China. Al di là delle Carte e delle Dichiarazioni, incapaci troppo spesso di frenare le continue e tragiche negazioni dei diritti, il Papa ci ha insegnato a riconoscere la loro oggettività storica. He underwent five hours of surgery to treat his wounds. Drawing on many different sources (such as Thomism), he described the mutually supporting relationship between faith and reason, and emphasised that theologians should focus on that relationship. [87] However, both men faced sufficient opposition for neither to be likely to prevail. [187][188], In 1984 President Ronald Reagan opened diplomatic relations with the Vatican for the first time since 1870. He was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978, which was called after Pope John Paul I, who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI, died after 33 days. Severino Saccardi – Quella di Wojtila è un’eredità non semplice. Non c’è dubbio sul fatto che sia stato il primo pontefice “mediatico”, le sue apparizioni televisive, in particolare in Italia, erano quotidiane e il successo di pubblico che ha ottenuto in parte è dovuto anche a questo. The alcove had been empty since John XXIII's remains had been moved into the main body of the basilica after his beatification. Così spesso è incerto del senso della sua vita su questa terra. [23][259][303] This decision was announced on 13 May 2005, the Feast of Our Lady of Fátima and the 24th anniversary of the assassination attempt on John Paul II at St. Peter's Square. By identifying with him, Poles would have the chance to cleanse themselves of the compromises they had to make to live under the regime. La pubblicità, in un periodo in cui l'economia è ferma, offre dei ricavi limitati. Non solo per la Chiesa cattolica che dopo 455 anni ebbe un vescovo di Roma non italiano, ma per il mondo intero. [358][359] Other movements and religious organisations of the Church went decidedly under his wing Legion of Christ, the Neocatechumenal Way, Schoenstatt, the charismatic movement, etc. [270][271] The Mass of the vigil of the Second Sunday of Easter commemorating the canonisation of Saint Maria Faustina on 30 April 2000, had just been celebrated at his bedside, presided over by Stanisław Dziwisz and two Polish associates. [32][69] In 1960, Wojtyła published the influential theological book Love and Responsibility, a defence of traditional Church teachings on marriage from a new philosophical standpoint. [340][343] In 2008, the Church asserted that the scandal was a very serious problem and estimated that it was "probably caused by 'no more than 1 per cent' " (or 5,000) of the over 500,000 Catholic priests worldwide.[344][345]. var loadAsyncFB = function(){ [173] According to Monsignor Sławomir Oder, the postulator of John Paul II's beatification cause, John Paul's words to Pinochet had a profound impact on the Chilean dictator. In March 1949, Wojtyła was transferred to the parish of Saint Florian in Kraków. [373][374] The pope created an uproar in the Indian subcontinent when he suggested that a great harvest of faith would be witnessed on the subcontinent in the third Christian millennium. Pope John Paul II was an outspoken opponent of the death penalty, although previous popes had accepted the practice. [274] [377][378][379][380], In 1988, when Pope John Paul II was delivering a speech to the European Parliament, Ian Paisley, the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party and Moderator of the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster, shouted "I denounce you as the Antichrist! Solo lui lo sa! [198], In 1980, John Paul II issued a Pastoral Provision allowing married former Episcopal priests to become Catholic priests, and for the acceptance of former Episcopal Church parishes into the Catholic Church. Perché il nostro lavoro ha un costo. John Paul II's testament, published on 7 April 2005,[277] revealed that the pontiff contemplated being buried in his native Poland but left the final decision to The College of Cardinals, which in passing, preferred burial beneath St. Peter's Basilica, honouring the pontiff's request to be placed "in bare earth". Through his encyclicals and many Apostolic Letters and Exhortations, John Paul II talked about the dignity and the equality of women. [157], While taking a traditional position on human sexuality, maintaining the Church's moral opposition to homosexual acts, John Paul II asserted that people with homosexual inclinations possess the same inherent dignity and rights as everybody else. Conte: ” Sulle nomine errori sono anche miei”. Un’opera che ha posto davanti a tutto la dignità dell’uomo, l’idea che nessuno vive solo per sé e solo per il presente, ma anche per gli altri e per il futuro comune. In Calabria per ospedali, triage e Covid hotel. Nella misura in cui ci si rende conto che le molte istituzioni culturali e pubbliche non riescono ad andare aldilà delle contingenze e del breve respiro, quest’uomo ha avuto la capacità di guardare oltre: è una delle caratteristiche che la Chiesa cattolica dovrebbe sempre avere. "The Southern Cross: John Paul the Great", "John Paul the Great: What the 12 Million Know—and I Found Out Too", "Pastoral Visit by Pope Benedict XVI to Poland 2006: Address by the Holy Father", "Pope Beatifies John Paul II Before 1.5 Million Faithful", "Pope John Paul II beatified in front 1.5 million", "Pope John Paul II on Course to Become Saint in Record Time", "Whatever Happened to … Canonising John Paul II? On 11 October 1992, in his apostolic constitution Fidei depositum (The Deposit of Faith), John Paul ordered the publication of the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Città del Vaticano – Alle 21,37 di 15 anni fa il cuore generoso di Karol Wojtyla smetteva di battere. Nobody knew how to get rid of Communism. About 150 cardinals and 700 bishops concelebrated the Mass, and at least 500,000 people attended the Mass, with an estimated 300,000 others watching from video screens placed around Rome.[336]. John Paul II and Ağca spoke privately for about twenty minutes. In 1993, during a pilgrimage to Agrigento, Sicily, he appealed to the Mafiosi: "I say to those responsible: 'Convert! Akin, Jimmy. Modern society has the means of protecting itself, without definitively denying criminals the chance to reform. Gli stessi di cui ha parlato in un’intervista, che abbiamo pubblicato nel numero di “Testimonianze” dedicato a Quindici anni dopo il muro, Adriano Sofri. Papa Wojtyla pronuncia parole chiare e decise contro la guerra, da considerare sempre un’avventura senza ritorno, a favore della pace e della giustizia. [76] According to John F. Crosby, as pope, John Paul II used the words of Gaudium et spes later to introduce his own views on the nature of the human person in relation to God: man is "the only creature on earth that God has wanted for its own sake", but man "can fully discover his true self only in a sincere giving of himself".[77]. Gli anni novanta e i primi anni dopo il 2000 «Damose da fa'! [383][387][388], A number of quotes about the apparitions of Međugorje, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, have been attributed to John Paul II. [92][282][283][284] Cardinal Angelo Sodano specifically referred to John Paul as "the Great" in his published written homily for the pope's funeral Mass of Repose. German Wehrmacht officers tended to him and sent him to a hospital. Poco più di un mese prima di morire, il 2 aprile 2005, esattamente 15 anni fa, San Giovanni Paolo II consegnava al mondo queste parole. Noi siamo orgogliosi di poter offrire gratuitamente a tutti i cittadini centinaia di nuovi contenuti ogni giorno. In. John Paul II's embrace of evolution was enthusiastically praised by American palaeontologist and evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould,[137] with whom he had an audience in 1984. However, he wanted the EU Constitution to enshrine religious rights, including acknowledging the rights of religious groups to organise freely, recognise the specific identity of each denomination and allow for a "structured dialogue" between each religious community and the EU, and extend across the European Union the legal status enjoyed by religious institutions in individual member states. Even though the two bullets missed his mesenteric artery and abdominal aorta, he lost nearly three-quarters of his blood. They interviewed her and dedicated 20 pages to her in their 1996 book His Holiness. He said: What is happening in your countries is a terrible tragedy that must end. [252] Mining mostly East German and Polish secret police archives, Koehler says the assassination attempts were "KGB-backed" and gives details. [201], During the investiture of President Thomas Boni Yayi of Benin as a titled Yoruba chieftain on 20 December 2008, the reigning Ooni of Ile-Ife, Nigeria, Olubuse II, referred to Pope John Paul II as a previous recipient of the same royal honour. [79] These visits reinforced this message and contributed to the collapse of East European Communism that took place between 1989/1990 with the reintroduction of democracy in Poland, and which then spread through Eastern Europe (1990–1991) and South-Eastern Europe (1990–1992). It is divided into 30 titles and has a total of 1540 canons. [51], After finishing his studies at the seminary in Kraków, Wojtyła was ordained as a priest on All Saints' Day, 1 November 1946,[25] by the Archbishop of Kraków, Cardinal Sapieha. [244], A second assassination attempt was made on 12 May 1982, just a day before the anniversary of the first attempt on his life, in Fátima, Portugal when a man tried to stab John Paul II with a bayonet. Papa estremamente ‘mobile’ (itinerante, diceva Balducci), e tuttavia ‘immobile’ dal punto di vista pastorale, Wojtyla, poi, non ha saputo o potuto fare i conti con quello che Prini ha chiamato lo “scisma sommerso”, ossia la sostanziale impermeabilità dei fedeli rispetto ad alcuni aspetti dogmatici della dottrina ufficiale, alla pratica religiosa, alla frequenza ai sacramenti, alle prescrizioni nel campo della morale della vita fisica. "[223], With Judaism, therefore, we have a relationship which we do not have with any other religion. ", "Mystery Nun The Key to Pope John Paul II's Case for Sainthood", "Hopes Raised for Pope John Paul II's Beatification -Times Online", "Response of His Holiness Benedict XVI for the Examination of the Beatification and Canonization of The Servant of God John Paul II", "John Paul II on Fast Track for Canonisation—Framingham, Massachusetts—The MetroWest Daily News", "John Paul II's Cause for Beatification Opens", "Pope Benedict Forgoes Waiting Period, begins John Paul II Beatification Process", "Vatican May Have Found Pope John Paul's 'Miracle, "Miracle attributed to John Paul II involved Parkinson's disease", "French nun says life has changed since she was healed thanks to JPII", "No More Shortcuts on Pope John Paul II's Road to Sainthood", "900,000 Gather for Mass with Pope Benedict", "Vatican Under Pressure in Pope John Paul II Push", "Clamour for free Pope John Paul II relics". I appreciate their concern about maintaining the cultural and religious identity of our nation. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWeigel2001 (, Wojtyla, Karol. [278] An estimated four million mourners gathered in and around Vatican City. Di calare le emozioni in un flusso di spiegazioni causali e magari politiche. However, Maciel's trial began in 2004 during the pontificate of John Paul II, but the Pope died before it ended and the conclusions were known. To be eligible for canonisation (being declared a saint) by the Catholic Church, two miracles must be attributed to a candidate. [225][226] On the morning of the concert, the pope received the attending members of survivor community in a special audience in the Apostolic Palace. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted the name of his predecessor in tribute to him. L'ultima GMG presieduta da papa Wojtyla fu quella svoltasi a Toronto nel 2002. Diventate utenti sostenitori cliccando qui. He was the first pope ever to visit several countries in one year, starting in 1979 with Mexico[101] and Ireland. It was the first-ever Vatican event dedicated to the memory of the six million Jews murdered in World War II. Solo lui ha parole di vita, sì! On many of those occasions, people would come here to the Vatican thanking the Holy Father for changing things. Nel suo insegnamento c’è un preciso ammonimento sul loro valore fondativo dei diritti che deriva  dalla operosità feconda di milioni e milioni di uomini che agendo individualmente o variamente coordinati in gruppi e associazioni hanno costituito “come un grande movimento che ha contribuito a costruire una società più giusta o almeno a porre argini all’ingiustizia”. È stato un uomo molto aperto e innovatore per quanto riguarda il rapporto con il mondo e con le realtà religiose altre. “Già prima avevo avuto modo di conoscerlo e di stimarlo – ha raccontato Ratzinger – ma dal 1982, quando mi chiamò a Roma come prefetto della Congregazione per la dottrina della fede, per 23 anni ho potuto stargli vicino e venerare sempre più la sua persona. "ecclesial base communities" supported by the CELAM), and the Nicaraguan clergy's tendencies to support the leftist Sandinistas, reminding the clergy of their duties of obedience to the Holy See. ", "Papież sprawiedliwym wśród narodów świata", "Papież otrzyma honorowy tytuł "Sprawiedliwy wśród Narodów Świata"? At elementary school there were fewer. [125] In addition, John Paul II chose not to end the discipline of mandatory priestly celibacy, although in a small number of unusual circumstances, he did allow certain married clergymen of other Christian traditions who later became Catholic to be ordained as Catholic priests. Una piccola somma ma fondamentale per il nostro lavoro. [16][17] Posthumously, he has been referred to by some Catholics as "St. John Paul the Great", although the title has no official recognition. John Paul II said that it was up to the United Nations to solve the international conflict through diplomacy and that a unilateral aggression is a crime against peace and a violation of international law. He also participated in the assemblies of the Synod of Bishops. [210] On his arrival, the Patriarch and the President of Romania, Emil Constantinescu, greeted the pope. [285][286] The South African Catholic newspaper The Southern Cross has referred to him in print as "John Paul II the Great". "[174], During his visit to Chile, John Paul II supported the Vicariate of Solidarity, the Church-led pro-democracy, anti-Pinochet organisation. Contatti che fanno intravedere delle modalità diverse e addirittura private di riconoscimento reciproco. Baziak was the principal consecrator. During his homily, he encouraged prayers for the early canonisation of John Paul II and stated that he hoped canonisation would happen "in the near future".[305][310]. Evangelium Vitae. [353] Law resigned from this position in November 2011. An Opus Dei spokesman said that "the influence of Opus Dei in the Vatican has been exaggerated". Si afferma da parte di alcuni che la Chiesa sia rimasta indietro sui percorsi che sono stati aperti. ("[Make him a] Saint Immediately!") This consecration fulfilled Our Lady's request in Fatima. The Vatican announced on 14 January 2011 that Pope Benedict XVI had confirmed the miracle involving Sister Marie Simon-Pierre and that John Paul II was to be beatified on 1 May, the Feast of Divine Mercy. "[210], On 23–27 June 2001, John Paul II visited Ukraine, another heavily Orthodox nation, at the invitation of the President of Ukraine and bishops of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. Possiamo poi ricordare la rimozione del vescovo di Evreux in Francia, Jacques Gaillot, nel 1995, per la sua vicinanza a movimenti di base sospetti, ai gay, ai clochard, agli immigrati; e la scomunica di padre Tissa Balasuriya, grande teologo dello Sri Lanka, orientato verso la salvezza che viene dal basso, dagli inferi del mondo. The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, actor Richard Dreyfuss and cellist Lynn Harrell performed on this occasion under Levine's direction. On 7 April 1994, he hosted the Papal Concert to Commemorate the Holocaust. "[337] The focus of John Paul II's point is that the need for artificial birth control is itself artificial, and that principle of respecting the sacredness of life ought not be rend asunder in order to achieve the good of preventing AIDS. There had been rumors that the new pope wished to be known as Pope Stanislaus in honor of the Polish saint of the name, but was convinced by the cardinals that it was not a Roman name. [79][119] He coined the term "social mortgage", which related that all private property had a social dimension, namely, that "the goods of this are originally meant for all. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340[12] and canonised 483 people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. E ha aggiunto: “Giovanni Paolo II è un missionario, un uomo che ha portato il Vangelo dappertutto. Berger's biological Jewish parents died during the Holocaust, and after the war Berger's new Christian parents asked Karol Wojtyła, the future Pope John Paul II, to baptise the boy. Shortly before leaving Haiti, John Paul II called for social change in Haiti by saying: "Lift up your heads, be conscious of your dignity of men created in God's image...."[180]. Le sue parole relative alla sfera sessuale, dalla grave colpa che riveste la posizione, espressa sempre ed in maniera radicale, contro le norme contraccettive, all’affermazione dell’esistenza di una morale sessuale, vincolante e determinante, rappresentano quel lato di Papa Wojtyla che segna un distacco con la nuova moralità cristiana, più aperta in campo sociale, più tollerante in campo sessuale, meno intimorita dalla modernità e ben incarnata da molti di quei giovani che hanno atteso in un sacco a pelo il funerale del pontefice. Il mio servizio è stato sostenuto dalla sua profondità spirituale, dalla ricchezza delle sue intuizioni. Si tratta di un terreno minato con cui la Chiesa cattolica dovrà inevitabilmente misurarsi. Ma c’è anche un’altra sfida che esiste per tutte le comunità culturali e religiose, per credenti e non credenti: quella relativa al ruolo della donna, della promozione dei diritti della donna e della posizione della donna stessa all’interno delle comunità ecclesiali e religiose. On John Paul II's beatification the Chief Rabbi of Rome Riccardo Di Segni said in an interview with the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano that "John Paul II was revolutionary because he tore down a thousand-year wall of Catholic distrust of the Jewish world." "Is Pope Francis about to “rip up” the Vatican constitution? The convergence, neither sought nor fabricated, of the results of work that was conducted independently is in itself a significant argument in favour of this theory." [116], Keenly aware of the rhythms of time and the importance of anniversaries in the Church’s life, John Paul II led nine “dedicated years” during the twenty-six and a half years of his pontificate: the Holy Year of the Redemption in 1983–84, the Marian Year in 1987–88, the Year of the Family in 1993–94, the three Trinitarian years of preparation for the Great Jubilee of 2000, the Great Jubilee itself, the Year of the Rosary in 2002–3, and the Year of the Eucharist, which began on 17 October 2004, and concluded six months after the Pope’s death.[116]. War, life under Communism, and his pastoral responsibilities all fed his poetry and plays. Ma innumerevoli sono i pronunciamenti contro comunità di base, contro l’autonomia dei teologi o contro movimenti di riforma dal basso. [82][84] When Wojtyła visited New England in the summer of 1976, Tymieniecka put him up as a guest in her family home. In 2009 John Koehler, a journalist and former army intelligence officer, published Spies in the Vatican: The Soviet Union's Cold War Against the Catholic Church. [181] In 1986, Duvalier was deposed in an uprising. John Paul withdrew it, wagged his finger in Cardenal's face, and told him, "You must straighten out your position with the church. Witness to Hope: The Biography of Pope John Paul II (p. 151). From the beginning of my Pontificate, my thoughts had been on this Holy Year 2000 as an important appointment. He praised Mohandas Gandhi for his "unshakeable faith in God", assured the Jains that the Catholic Church will continue to engage in dialogue with their religion and spoke of the common need to aid the poor. Ci sono state parole e prese di posizioni, di cui gli siamo molto grati e su cui ha mostrato una lungimiranza più grande dei sistemi politici odierni. In 1954, he earned a Doctorate in Sacred Theology,[64] evaluating the feasibility of a Catholic ethic based on the ethical system of the phenomenologist Max Scheler with a dissertation titled "Reevaluation of the possibility of founding a Catholic ethic on the ethical system of Max Scheler"[65] (Ocena możliwości zbudowania etyki chrześcijańskiej przy założeniach systemu Maksa Schelera). [241] One of the few people allowed in to see him at the Gemelli Clinic was one of his closest friends philosopher Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, who arrived on Saturday 16 May and kept him company while he recovered from emergency surgery. [24][26], Wojtyła was baptized a month after his birth, made his First Communion at age 9, and was confirmed at age 18. It is therefore very easy for them to succumb to the temptation of thinking of themselves as better than others. And so they came to him by the millions. E i vertici dell’impero sovietico se ne accorsero subito, fin dalla fumata bianca e dalle prime storiche parole pronunciate dal neo eletto: “Siamo ancora tutti addolorati dopo la morte del nostro amatissimo Papa Giovanni Paolo I. Ed ecco che gli eminentissimi cardinali hanno chiamato un nuovo vescovo di Roma. [250], The Al-Qaeda-funded Bojinka plot planned to kill John Paul II during a visit to the Philippines during World Youth Day 1995 celebrations. Per esempio, è importante il dialogo ecumenico, Assisi ’86, alcuni gesti di respiro storico, le visite alla moschea e in sinagoga, l’accordo con le Chiese protestanti sul decreto sulla giustificazione. Instead, the Pope simply led the Polish people to desert their rulers by affirming solidarity with one another. [321][322] John Paul II's remains, which were not exposed, were placed in front of the Basilica's main altar, where believers could pay their respect before and after the beatification mass in St. Peter's Square on 1 May 2011. 123. [182] Since Stroessner's taking power through a coup d'état in 1954, Paraguay's bishops increasingly criticised the regime for human rights abuses, rigged elections, and the country's feudal economy. Oggi quali sono le sfide nella Chiesa e  per la  Chiesa nella società? Finito il comunismo bisogna dare voce ai bisogni e metter mano alle contraddizioni per risolvere le quali  il comunismo era nato, pur elaborando poi una risposta deviata, perversa e inaccettabile. According to the United Press International, "Pope John Paul II preached the need for peaceful change and greater participation up and down Chile...but stayed away from direct confrontation with Gen. Augusto Pinochet's military regime...disappointing Pinochet's opponents who had hoped the pope would publicly condemn the regime and bless their campaign for a return to democracy. L’apertura a tutto il mondo, lo spostare l’attenzione dall’Italia e dall’Europa per indirizzarla al resto del pianeta è sicuramente un’ottica positiva, in cui riconosco una tendenza vicina al progetto di civiltà planetaria balducciana. [154], In April 1991, during his Urbi et Orbi Sunday message at St. Peter's Basilica, John Paul II called for the international community to "lend an ear" to "the long-ignored aspirations of oppressed peoples". The Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, conducted the ceremony. On 10 October 2019, the Archdiocese of Krakow and the Polish Bishops' Conference approved nihil obstat the opening of the beatification cause of the parents of its patron saint Pope John Paul II, Karol Wojtyła Sr. and Emilia Kaczorowska. Anche dal punto di vista ecumenico, i segnali sono stati contraddittori: dopo i mea culpa sulle cause delle divisioni fra i cristiani, negli ultimi documenti magisteriali, invece (vedi la Dominus Iesus, 2000) sono venuti meno i toni ‘inclusivi’ (si pensi alla bella immagine dei ‘due polmoni’ per le chiese d’Oriente e d’Occidente nella Ut unum sint), e sono riapparsi gli steccati, per cui le Chiese protestanti vengono declassate a “comunità ecclesiali”, con le quali si impediscono di fatto celebrazioni comuni. Pietro L. Di Giorgi – In papa Wojtyla, dal punto di vista dottrinale e teologico, si possono individuare due fasi. [10][11] He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. "[194], In 1983 Poland's Communist government unsuccessfully tried to humiliate John Paul II by falsely saying he had fathered an illegitimate child. Ha saputo dare voce al bisogno di emancipazione dei popoli e dei poveri nella storia. They called him from a faraway land—far and yet always close because of our communion in faith and Christian traditions. In 2001 he was diagnosed as suffering from Parkinson's disease. if(window.gdprConsent){

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