's Exclusive Interview, Pt. Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea. All rights reserved. WorldCat is the world's largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. Post più recenti Post più vecchi Home page According to the US embassy translation it reads "Tonight I am resigning in order to avoid a bloodbath. The 2004 Haitian coup d'état occurred after conflicts lasting for several weeks in Haiti during February 2004. [42], According to a Washington Times, article of April 2004[43]. "I believe that (the call for reparations) could have something to do with it, because they (France) were definitely not happy about it, and made some very hostile comments," Myrtha Desulme, chairperson of the Haiti-Jamaica Exchange Committee, told IPS. Questions, comments, or suggestions Please write to [email protected] Contact Info . La Suisse a exporté 55 613 tonnes de fromage en 2004, fromage fondu inclus, soit 7,3 % de plus que l’année précédente. Your Web browser is not enabled for JavaScript. Copyright © 2001-2020 OCLC. A student protest against Aristide on 7 January 2004 led to a clash with police and Aristide supporters that left two dead. "[5] Rep. Charles Rangel, D-New York expressed similar words, saying Aristide had told him he was "disappointed that the international community had let him down" and "that he resigned under pressure" – "As a matter of fact, he was very apprehensive for his life. Learn more ››. The United Nations Security Council, of which France is a permanent member, rejected a 26 February 2004, appeal from the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) for international peacekeeping forces to be sent into its member state Haiti, but voted unanimously to send in troops three days later, just hours after Aristide's forced resignation. officials. He traveled voluntarily via motorcade to the airport with his own retinue of security guards, including some contracted Americans. [34], The CARICOM initially refused to recognize the interim government, but in 2006 the newly elected René Préval resumed his country's membership in the organization. You may have already requested this item. [26] Haitians fled their country on boats, seeking to get to the United States. [19], Multiple protests by Haitian students were organized in 2002, 2003 and 2004 against the Aristide government. All rights reserved. http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Place\/milano> ; http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/it> ; http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/classification\/N> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/5610671199> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114#PublicationEvent\/milano_skira_2004> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Agent\/skira> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9788884917225> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Agent\/skira>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Place\/milano>, http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/classification\/N>, http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/it>, http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9788884917225>, http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114>. ", "Declassifying Canada in Haiti, Part I, Canadian Officials Planned Military Intervention Weeks Before Haitian Coup", "Soros Foundation in Haiti Denounces Attacks on Students by Pro-Government Forces", http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2004-03/30/content_1390551.htm, "Haitian 'Cannibal Army' leader orchestrates chaos to force Aristide's ouster", "U.S., France Block UN Probe of Aristide Ouster", "President Aristide in His Own Words: DN! Freedom of Information Act documents have shown how paramilitary forces received support from sectors of Haiti's elite as well as from sectors of the Dominican military and government at the time. Book Condition: Very Good+ . The minister told CNN that Aristide had been granted permission to land in the country after Aristide himself – as well as the U.S. and French governments – requested it. The Ottawa Initiative on Haiti was a conference hosted by Canada that took place at Meech Lake, Quebec (a federal government resort near Ottawa) on 31 January and 1 February 2003, to decide the future of Haiti's government, though no Haitian government officials were invited. Please re-enter recipient e-mail address(es). Fabrizio Clerici : una retrospettiva : [Roma, Complesso del Vittoriano, 14-29 febbraio 2004] by Claudio Strinati; Maria Teresa Benedetti; Print book: Italian. Suisse : le pays a exporté davantage de fromage en 2004. Would you also like to submit a review for this item? Fabrizio Clerici : una retrospettiva : [Roma, Complesso del Vittoriano, 14-29 febbraio 2004] 1. They also questioned the legality of the new government. (not yet rated) A slightly different translation was given by Albert Valdman, a linguistics professor and specialist in Haitian Creole at Indiana University in Bloomington, Ind. 16:08. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: Your request to send this item has been completed. [30], On 15 October 2005, Brazil called for more troops to be sent due to the worsening situation in the country. [1], Aristide later repeated similar claims, in an interview with Amy Goodman of Democracy Now! William Kentridge : [Castello di Rivoli, Museo d\'Arte Contemporanea, Rivoli-Torino, 10 gennaio - 29 febbraio 2004 ...)\" ; Castello di Rivoli, Museo d\'Arte Contemporanea.\" ; Export to EndNote / Reference Manager(non-Latin). Your Web browser is not enabled for JavaScript. "He was not kidnapped," Secretary of State Colin Powell said. 2004 : S. Sisto (Perugia) : Effe 2. He claimed to be held hostage by an armed military guard. Signals Helped Tilt Haiti Toward Chaos, https://www.webcitation.org/5s4b55Evx?url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/29/international/americas/29haiti.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all, United States intervention in Latin America, United States involvement in the Mexican Revolution, United States involvement in regime change in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2004_Haitian_coup_d%27état&oldid=988197878, United States involvement in regime change, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 18:25. On 1 June 2004, the peacekeeping mission was passed to MINUSTAH and comprised a 7000-person force led by Brazil and backed up by Argentina, Chile, Jordan, Morocco, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Spain, Sri Lanka and Uruguay.[29]. on 16 March. Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea. by Maria Teresa Benedetti; Claudio M Strinati; Archivio Fabrizio Clerici (Roma); Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: Copyright © 2001-2020 OCLC. The kidnapping claim is "absolutely false," concurred Parfait Mbaye, the communications minister for the Central African Republic, where Aristide's party was taken. [22], In September 2003, Amiot Métayer was found dead, his eyes shot out and his heart cut out, most likely the result of machete-inflicted wounds. Please enter recipient e-mail address(es). Goodman asked Aristide if he resigned, and President Aristide replied: "No, I didn't resign. The Bush administration insists that Mr. Aristide had personally asked for help and voluntarily boarded a U.S. plane. ;] The Steele Foundation, the San Francisco-based organization which supplied Aristide's bodyguards, declined to comment. [Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev; William Kentridge; Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea. In the Haitian general election, 2006, René Préval was elected president. [21] This tragic event led to more protests by students, eventually joined by other groups. [9], The National Coalition for Haitian Rights (NCHR) says that there were delays in the distribution of voter identification cards. Griffin Report – Haiti Human Rights Investigation, 11–21 November 2004 – By Thomas M. Griffin, ESQ. He was, prior to his death, the leader of the Gonaives gang known as "The Cannibal Army." 'He drafted and signed his letter of resignation all by himself and then voluntarily departed with his wife and his own security team,' Mr. Powell said. Without doubt there were irregularities that occurred in the election which have been conceded by the CEP. What some people call 'resignation' is a 'new coup d'état,' or 'modern kidnapping. "[6], As reported by the BBC, on 3 March 2004, CARICOM called for an independent inquiry into the departure of former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and says it would not be sending peacekeepers. in accordance with the Constitution of Haiti" and authorized such a mission. William Kentridge : [Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, Rivoli-Torino, 10 gennaio - 29 febbraio 2004 ...). Author Name: Categories: Art, Publisher: 2004. "[5] When asked for his response to these statements Colin Powell said that "it might have been better for members of Congress who have heard these stories to ask us about the stories before going public with them so we don't make a difficult situation that much more difficult" and he alleged that Aristide "did not democratically govern or govern well". [15] While the paramilitary campaign was launched in late 2001 and immediately targeted key governmental infrastructure in Port-au-Prince, during 2002 and 2003 it targeted rural areas of the country. [45], Aristide has also denied that a letter he left behind constitutes an official resignation. Coupled with the U.S. government’s development assistance embargo from 2000–2004, the projects suggest a disturbing pattern. The call prompted a series of events that included a middle-of-the-night phone call to President Bush and a scramble to find a plane to carry Aristide into exile. In early 2004, paramilitary forces launched a ramped up offensive into the country. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. Pages in category "29 February" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. Pubblicato da . "In respect of our partners we can only say this, at no time in our discussions did they convey to us that the plan was unacceptable so long as president Aristide remained in office. The E-mail Address(es) you entered is(are) not in a valid format. On 5 December 2003, some of Aristide's supporters, backed by the police according to witnesses,[20] entered the social studies department of the Université d'État d'Haïti to attack students who were rallying for an anti-government protest later that day. The Security Council passed a resolution the same day, "[t]aking note of the resignation of Jean-Bertrand Aristide as President of Haiti and the swearing-in of President Boniface Alexandre as the acting President of Haiti The U.S. Congress banned any U.S. assistance from being channeled through the Haitian government, codifying an existing situation. [2], The Associated Press reported that the Central African Republic tried to get Aristide to stop repeating his charges to the press. "Michel Vastel wrote that the possibility of Aristide's departure, the need for a potential trusteeship over Haiti, and the return of Haiti's dreaded military were discussed by Paradis and the French Minister for La Francophonie, Pierre-André Wiltzer. The subject field is required. The name field is required. Haiti had received no help from the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank for years. Seller ID: 147707. '"[2][36], Many supporters of the Fanmi Lavalas party and Aristide, as well as some foreign supporters, denounced the rebellion as a foreign controlled coup d'état orchestrated by Canada, France and the United States (Goodman, et al., 2004) to remove a democratically elected president. The HUDOC database provides access to the case-law of the Court (Grand Chamber, Chamber and Committee judgments and decisions, communicated cases, advisory opinions and legal summaries from the Case-Law Information Note), the European Commission of Human Rights (decisions and reports) and the Committee of Ministers (resolutions) 6261 - Bologna - Lapide 1530, cortile di Palazzo d'Accursio - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 9-Feb-2008.jpg 1,554 × 1,354; 1.33 MB. Their support for the interim government is not surprising, as top officials, including the Minister of Justice, worked for U.S. government projects that undermined their elected predecessors. The role of rightwing paramilitary groups in violently targeting activists and government officials aligned with the Aristide government has been well documented. It stated that "Summary executions are a police tactic. [10], Aristide's supporters claim that an opposition boycott of the election was used as a ploy in order to discredit it and that they did not have anywhere near majority support. "[17] Paradis later denied this, but neither Vastel nor L'actualite retracted the story. The opposition in Haiti accused the government party of election fraud in the Haitian general election, 2000[7] as did the United States. [11], European nations suspended government-to-government assistance to Haiti. In November 2004, the University of Miami School of Law carried out a Human Rights Investigation in Haiti and documented serious human rights abuses. "[6] Aristide was forced into exile, being flown directly out of Haiti to the Central African Republic,[5] eventually settling in South Africa. The removal of President Aristide in these circumstances sets a dangerous precedent for democratically elected governments anywhere and everywhere, as it promotes the removal of duly elected persons from office by the power of rebel forces."[5]. A new book on the subject, Damming the Flood: Haiti, Aristide and the Politics of Containment by Peter Hallward, documents the events leading up to 29 February 2004, and concludes that what occurred during the "rebellion" was in fact a modern coup d'état, financed and orchestrated by forces allied with the US government. Journalist Michel Vastel leaked information about the conference that he says was told to him by his friend and conference host Denis Paradis, Canada's Secretary of State for Latin America, Africa, and the French-speaking world, in his 15 March 2003, article in Quebec news magazine L'actualité. Don't have an account? Fabrizio Clerici : una retrospettiva ; [Roma, Complesso del Vittoriano 14-29 febbraio 2004] 2. [8], Unfortunately, there were irregularities that occurred in the election and there is a post-election problem of the vote count that is threatening to undo the democratic work of the citizens of Haïti. [5] Haiti's neighboring Caribbean countries, through the Caribbean Community, deplored the "dangerous precedent for democratically elected governments anywhere and everywhere, as it promotes the removal of duly elected persons from office. In the article, he claims that the officials at the conference wanted to see regime change in Haiti in less than a year. [44], According to the US, as the rebels approached the capital, James B. Foley, U.S. ambassador to Haiti, got a phone call from a high-level aide to Aristide, asking if the U.S. could protect Aristide and help facilitate his departure if he resigned. [35], On 1 March 2004, US Congresswoman Maxine Waters (D-CA), along with Aristide family friend Randall Robinson, reported that Aristide had told them (using a smuggled cellular phone), that he had been forced to resign and abducted from the country by the United States. http://pb-ds.com/tune.html. Supreme Court Chief Justice Boniface Alexandre succeeded Aristide as interim president and petitioned the United Nations Security Council for the intervention of an international peacekeeping force. He was quoted saying, "200 soldiers of the US Special Forces arrived in the Dominican Republic, with the authorization of Dominican President Hipolito Mejia, as a part of the military operation to train Haitian rebels," when unveiling the report in the Dominican capital Santo Domingo. It resulted in the removal from office of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide preventing him from finishing his second term, who was then flown away from Haiti by U.S. military/security personnel.[1][2][3][4]. The US has denied the accusations. What are you worth? Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. Dozens of students were injured and the University dean had his legs broken. It is also believed that they had contact with U.S. and French intelligence. http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/633280114> ; http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114#PublicationEvent\/milano_skira_2004>. Patterson said there had been no indication during discussions with the U.S. and France that the plan which CARICOM had put forward prior to Aristide's departure was not acceptable. CARICOM (The Caribbean Community) governments denounced the removal of Aristide from government. Nor did they suggest to us anything of a nature pertaining to the conduct of President Aristide in office that would cause us to come to the judgment ourselves that he was unsuited to be the President of Haïti," Mr. Patterson said. [39][40][41], Sources close to Aristide also claim the Bush administration blocked attempts to reinforce his bodyguards. The Prime Minister of Jamaica, P. J. Patterson, said that the episode set "a dangerous precedent for democratically elected governments anywhere and everywhere, as it promotes the removal of duly elected persons from office by the power of rebel forces. Following the 2004 Haitian coup d'état, the appointed provisional prime minister Gerard Latortue rescinded the reparations demand, calling it "foolish" and "illegal". Sparta P. alle . [27] After a three-week rebellion, Aristide involuntarily[1][2] left Haiti on a US plane accompanied by US security personnel[1][2] as the rebels took over the capital[3] and was flown without[1] knowledge of his route and destination, via Antigua to Bangui, Central African Republic. I accept to leave, with the hope that there will be life and not death." You may send this item to up to five recipients. Aristide afterwards claimed that he had been "kidnapped" by U.S. forces and stated that the United States had orchestrated a coup d'état in Haiti, a claim disputed by U.S. He went on the airplane willingly and that's the truth." It resulted in the removal from office of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide preventing him from finishing his second term, who was then flown away from Haiti by U.S. military/security personnel. "We did not force him onto the airplane. The E-mail Address(es) field is required. [16][17][18] The conference was attended by Canadian, French, and U.S. and Latin American officials. Before takeoff, Aristide gave a copy of his resignation letter to Foley's aide. Get this from a library! Please enter the subject. 256 Seiten : zahlreiche Illustrationen + Beih. The E-mail message field is required. You can easily create a free account. "This political kidnapping was the price to pay to avoid a bloodbath." "[46], Controversy over Aristide's election in 2000, Aristide's request for reparations from France, Cross-border paramilitary campaign against Haiti's state 2001–2004. By 22 February, the rebels had captured Haiti's second-largest city, Cap-Haïtien. As the end of February approached, rebels threatened to take the capital, Port-au-Prince, fueling increasing political unrest and the building of barricades throughout the capital. Peter Hallward interview with Kim Ives on WBAI, National Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti, United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, "Aristide accuses U.S. of forcing his ouster", "Aristide arrives in Central African Republic after fleeing Haiti", "Aristide says U.S. deposed him in 'coup d'etat, "U.S. distances itself from Haiti's election process", "As Haiti Stumbles Toward Elections, NCHR Urges Extension of Voter Registration Period", "Background on Haiti: Some Questions and Answers", "HAITI: Aristide's Call for Reparations From France Unlikely to Die", "A Country Study: Haiti – Boyer: Expansion and Decline", Paramilitarism and the Assault on Democracy in Haiti, "Canada's quiet war Why are our forces helping to raid Aristide strongholds? 0 with reviews - Be the first. According to Rep. Maxine Waters D-California, Mildred Aristide called her at her home at 6:30 am to inform her "the coup d'etat has been completed", and Jean-Bertrand Aristide said the U.S. Embassy in Haiti's chief of staff came to his house to say he would be killed "and a lot of Haitians would be killed" if he refused to resign immediately and said he "has to go now. Please enter the message. by Claudio Strinati; Maria Teresa Benedetti; by Maria Teresa Benedetti; Fabrizio Clerici; Claudio Strinati; Museo Centrale del Risorgimento; by Fabrizio Clerici; Claudio M Strinati; Maria Teresa Benedetti; by Fabrizio Clerici; Claudio M Strinati; Maria Teresa Benedetti; Complesso del Vittoriano (Rome, Italy). "(But) I believe that he did have grounds for that demand, because that is what started the downfall of Haiti," she says."[12][13][14]. Some features of WorldCat will not be available. "There is a document that was signed to avoid a bloodbath, but there was no formal resignation," he said. [5] Jamaican Prime Minister P. J. Patterson released a statement saying "we are bound to question whether his resignation was truly voluntary, as it comes after the capture of sections of Haiti by armed insurgents and the failure of the international community to provide the requisite support. http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/633280114>. During their sack of the city, they burned the police station and looted it for weapons and vehicles, which they used to continue their campaign down the coast. After his death, his brother Buteur Métayer swore vengeance against those he felt responsible for Amiot's death—namely, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. February 29; L. Leap year; Media in category "29 February" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. You can easily create a free account. Separate up to five addresses with commas (,). [8], In 2003, Aristide requested that France pay Haiti over US$21 billion in reparations, which he said was the equivalent in today's money of the 90 million gold francs Haiti was forced to pay Paris after winning independence from France 200 years ago.[12][13]. [23] It has been claimed by Louis Rosario of the Dominican Republic's investigation committee that the United States government helped fund and train the Haitian rebels.

29 febbraio 2004

23 Giugno Segno Zodiacale, Il Santo Sepolcro Immagini, Numeri Dei Santi, La Notte Si San Giovanni, 15 Ottobre Calendario, Gastroenterologia Giovanni Bosco, Il Mio Nuovo Sogno Testo, Un Giorno Insieme Significato, Patrono Di Verona 2020,